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"If the author, Susan B. Martinez, Ph.D., is correct, an 890-page book called "Oahspe" is
the best kept secret in the world. But it is not supposed to be a secret. It was intended to be as well known as the Bible
and provide answers to humankind on all life's mysteries, including the history of the planet, the history of the human race,
the fate of man, and countless other matters pertaining to the nature of man and the purpose of life."
Classic Books from a Higher Intelligence
OAHSPE: A NEW BIBLE
has been advertised as the world’s most challenging book. It may be. Before you start,
that you study both the glossary and the index,
to familiarize yourself with the
strange words used."
- LTC USAF (Ret) Donald M. Ware
(about 60% down from top of page).
The Key to understanding
anything you read is to take it one word and one sentence at a time. If you come to a word you don't understand
then research the word until you understand it,
then go back and re-read the sentence again.
I have made the word research easier for you by providing
definitions for many strange words in Oahspe and on my website.
OAHSPE BOOK OF SAPHAH M'HAK:25 says angels [men] once lived on other corporeal [physical] worlds.
Book of Aph, Son of Jehovih: Chapter III:
21. Agar, of the order of Achav, Son of Jehovih
...from the corporeal star Godad ...
22. Hoe'ghi...of the corporeal star Alanx
23. Fist'humitaivi...of the corporeal
24. Hi'ata...of the corporeal star Heats
26. Neo, God of Lun and Hintaya
...risen from the corporeal star Se'etiyi,...
27. Sicci...from the corporeal star Ith'mule
Listiac'ca, Goddess of Man ... raised on the corporeal star Mem ...
29. Tussica, Goddess of Kol ...raised on the corporeal
sun Nitz, of the Serpent Tan ...
30. Fiatisi, Goddess of Lubbuk ... raised on the star Planzza, ...
of Lika CHAPTER I:
9. Lika was sprung from the corporeal star Atos, which traversed the roads, Yatas-koowen, of the south
circuit of Thoese, the vortex of another far-off sun,..
OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti Chapter 3:
forth from the star, Indr
OAHSPE: Book of Lika:
newly raised Brides and Bridegrooms from the star Kagados
planet with human life:
OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti CHAPTER I:
2...the spirits of darkness rescued from Unhowitchata,
a prolific world, bringing forth imperfect human souls too abundantly for the quality.
Here in 1881 Oahspe mentions
13 extra-solar planets (that I have found so far) that had human (genus Homo) life (water, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, proteins,
and DNA, etc...) on them at one time.
1992 was when scientist first discovered an extra-solar planet.
An infrared image of the HR 8799 system. The central blob is noise left over after light from the star has been largely removed. The
three known planets can be seen: HR 8799d (bottom), HR 8799c (upper right), and HR 8799b (upper left).
OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti
1...in the Sortiv of an Orian arc, through which the phalanx of Inihab and her constellation pass every thousand
3. And Inihab was near at hand, to pass the arc of Sortiv, with her hundred stars, many of them larger than
Here Oahspe describes an etherean arc containing 100 stars or star systems containing many extra-solar planets larger
than the earth (most extra-solar planets discovered so far are larger than the earth), which also means some of the extrasolar
planets were/are earth-sized or smaller.
Most known exoplanets are giant planets believed to resemble Jupiter or Neptune,
but this reflects a sampling bias, as massive planets are more easily observed. Some relatively lightweight exoplanets,
only a few times more massive than Earth (now known by the term Super-Earth), are known as well; statistical studies now indicate
that they actually outnumber giant planets while recent discoveries have included Earth-sized and smaller planets and
a handful that appear to exhibit other Earth-like properties.
Kepler finds first Earth-sized extrasolar planets
21 December 2011
SYDNEY: Two Earth-sized planets orbiting a Sun-like star have been
discovered using observations from the planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft.
A new study,
published in Nature today, reports the detection of the smallest extrasolar planets (planets outside our Solar System)
discovered so far, orbiting the Sun-like star Kepler-20. Previous research has confirmed that Kepler-20, which is located
in the constellation Lyra about 1000 light years away, also hosts three larger transiting planets.
hoped that the discovery of these planets could help scientists in the future to find more small, and possibly habitable,
“This find is very symbolic because for the first time we have crossed
the threshold of Earth-sized,” said lead author François Fressin from the Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics
in Massachusetts, who added that while it’s not the Holy Grail, studies like this could help us to locate Earth’s
true twin sister, which needs to be the right size, have the right atmosphere and be the right distance from its sun. “We
see this discovery as a mere milestone, but is arguably the most important milestone.”
The first earth-sized extrasolar planets were discovered in 2011, 130
years AFTER Oahspe plainly indicated the existence of earth-sized extrasolar planets, thus confirming again
what was written in Oahspe.
Planet same size as
Earth found right outside solar systemPublished October 16, 2012 Associated PressEuropean astronomers say that just outside our solar system they've found a planet that's the closest you can get
to Earth in location and size.It is the type of planet they've been searching for across the Milky
Way galaxy and they found it circling a star right next door -- 25 trillion miles away. But the Earth-like planet is so hot
its surface may be like molten lava...The astronomers who found it say it's likely there are other
planets circling the same star, a little farther away where it may be cool enough for water and life. And those planets might
fit the not-too-hot, not-too-cold description sometimes call the Goldilocks Zone.That means that
in the star system Alpha Centauri B, a just-right planet could be closer than astronomers had once imagined.It's so close that from some southern places on Earth, you can see Alpha Centauri B in the night sky without a telescope...But the wow factor of finding such a planet so close has some astronomers already talking about how to speed
up a 25 trillion-mile rocket trip there. Scientists have already started pressuring NASA and the European Space Agency to
come up with missions to send something out that way to get a look at least....Geoff Marcy of
the University of California Berkeley, gushed even more about the scientific significance."This
is an historic discovery," he wrote in an email. "There could well be an Earth-size planet in that Goldilocks sweet
spot, not too cold and not too hot, making Alpha Centauri a compelling target to search for intelligent life."Harvard planet-hunter David Charbonneau and others used the same word to describe the discovery: "Wow."The research was released online Tuesday in the journal Nature. http://www.foxnews.com/science/2012/10/16/planet-same-size-as-earth-found-right-outside-solar-system/Alpha Centauri B and another star, Alpha Centauri A...Proxima Centauri, the closest star to Earth besides
the sun, may be related to this binary system.Sara Seager, professor of planetary science at Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, was ecstatic about the news.Its proximity is a motivator for sending
probes, and even astronauts, to a different star system."I think the reality of a planet
around the nearest star and the promise of more is a game changer,” she said in an e-mail.http://lightyears.blogs.cnn.com/2012/10/17/closest-planet-found-outside-solar-system/OAHSPE Plate 40 SERPENT'S ORBIT Plate 40.--SERPENT'S ORBIT.1 = Equivalent: 4,700,000: 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8. Other orbits for other phalanxes The significance of this plate shows that there
are other phalanxes (star systems) with planets in proximity (nearest) of our own solar system. Here Oahspe shows the nearest
star systems with planets orbiting. Until only recently in 2012 have any planets been discovered in other solar systems in
close proximity (nearest) to our Solar system, only a few (4.3) light years away. The first extra-solar planet discovered
was located 1000 light years from the Sun. The discovery of the nearby extra-solar planet only a few light years away came
131 years AFTER Oahspe was typed.
October 17, 2012 brought the announcement of the discovery of a planet, Alpha Centauri
Bb, orbiting a star in the star system closest to Earth, Alpha Centauri. It is an Earth-size planet, but not in the habitable
zone within which liquid water can exist.
24 hours is just the right length of day for human life. Time is based on the circle, rotation
of the earth determines length of days and nights.
hours rotational period of a planet the right astronomical signature for human life? Extrasolar planets rotational
periods or rotation periods of exoplanet. Instead
of astronomers looking for planets that are the right distance from a central sun or star, the right signature for human
life would be it's rotational period of 24 hours.
8 hours sleep, 8 hours work, 8 hours free time. Day divided into 1/3rds 2/3 and 3/3/.
Mars use to have a rotational period like ours 24 thousand years ago. Scientists think Mars may have had life in
the past, maybe human life? It seems that a rotational period of of 10 hours like Jupiter would not be enough time in one
day, because man needs 8 hours sleep, and 2 hours for work and play would not be enough. It seems that 24 hours is just
right, because after getting 8 hours sleep, and working for 8 hours and having 8 hours of leisure and recreational time,
man gets tired and is ready to repeat the cycle again of sleep, work, and play. 24 hours seems to harmonize with his cycle
of sleep, work, and recreation, 48 hours would be too much for one day.
"Some ancients speculated that the stars
were small holes in a black sphere through which distant light shone through. The Italian astronomer Giordano Bruno suggested that they were instead
objects like our Sun, just much farther away, perhaps with their own planets and civilizations–this didn't go down too well with the Catholic Church, which had him burned at the stake in Rome on 17 February
1600." - page 25 of Our Mathematical Universe (2014) by By Max Tegmark (physics professor at MIT).
Extrasolar planet with comet-like eccentric orbit
Scientists are surprised to find a planet with a comet-like eccentric orbit.
Oahspe says planets and stars start
off as dusty comets, then evolve into stars and planets.
astronomy community still can’t get enough of the strange planet Fomalhaut b! First, there was controversy over whether
it was a planet or a dust cloud [comet], and now they’re looking at the planet’s unusual orbit within the debris
disk of its host star, Fomalhaut. The planet’s highly elliptical, 2,000-year orbit leads astronomers to suspect that
there may be other planet-like bodies hiding within the debris around Fomalhaut.
The unbalanced orbit of a so-called "zombie planet" in a
dusty star system has astronomers struggling to explain the exoplanet's behavior.
observations of the planet Fomalhaut b by the Hubble Space Telescope revealed the oddball orbit,
which has wild extremes between its closest and farthest points from the parent star and appears to cross
through a vast minefield of dusty debris.
"We are shocked. This is not what we expected,"
said study leader Paul Kalas, an astronomer with the University of California at Berkeley and the SETI Institute in Mountain
View, Calif., in a statement Tuesday, Jan. 8.
After first being discovered in 2008, subsequent
studies suggested the planet was nothing more than a huge dust cloud. In 2012, astronomers resurrected Fomalhaut
b's planet status when new observations proved there was a planetary object embedded in a free-floating dust cloud.
still: The planet Fomalhaut b appears to approach with 4.6 billion miles of its star at the closest point in its orbit,
then swing way out to a point about 27 billion miles away at the farthest point. Scientists call the extremes
of such a planet’s path a highly eccentric orbit.
Oahspe Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy chapter II:
In the case of a vortex in etherea (that is after the manner of a whirlwind on the earth), the corporeal
solutions are propelled toward the centre thereof in greater density.
6. When it is sufficiently dense
to manifest light, and shadow, it is called a comet, or nebula; when still more dense it is a planet.
as a comet (or nebula) the m'vortex hath not attained to an orbit of its own, it is carried in the
currents of the master vortex, which currents are elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic. (See cut C, Fig. 4.) Hence the so-called
eccentric travel of comets.
Orbits of the Kohoutek Comet (red) and the Earth (blue), illustrating the high eccentricity of its orbit and its rapid motion when close to the Sun.
Fate of comets
also known to break up into fragments, as happened with Comet 73P/Schwassmann–Wachmann 3 starting in 1995.
This breakup may be triggered by tidal gravitational forces from the Sun or a large planet, by an "explosion"
of volatile material, or for other reasons not fully understood.
A number of periodic comets discovered in earlier
decades or previous centuries are now lost comets.
The orbits of long-period comets take them far beyond
the outer planets at aphelia, and the plane of their orbits need not lie near the ecliptic. Long-period comets
such as Comet West and C/1999 F1 can have barycentric apoapsis distances of nearly 70,000 AU with orbital periods
estimated around 6 million years.
Oahspe Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy chapter II:
Interior nebula is generally described as comets; whilst exterior nebula is usually called nebula. Nevertheless,
all such solutions of corpor are of like nature, being as the beginning or as the incomplete condensation of a planet.
11. They do not all, nor half of them, ripen into planets. But their vortices are often broken and they
return again into sublimated solutions, and are lost to mortal sight.
These "lost" comets may have become planets outside our solar system (extrasolar planets).
Oahspe describes an arrow-ship:
OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti Chapter 1:
12. Autevat said: Thy will and Jehovih's
be done. And, duly saluting, he and his attendants withdrew, and, coming to Gat-wawa, ordered an arrow-ship of twenty
thousand gauge. In two days it was completed; and, during the time, Autevat had chosen his attendants. And so he
departed, swiftly, like a ray of light, Autevat and his attendants, for the red star, the earth
Distance, time, and speed, calculation of arrow-ship to earth (2.994 X the speed of light)
Book of Fragapatti Chapter 1:
1. In Horub, an etherean world on the borders of the arc of Aza, in the
procession of Sayutivi, Cnod and Gorce, a region of light, of ten thousand earth years, and one hundred vesperes, where reigned
Fragapatti, Orian Chief of Obsod and Goomatchala one thousand years;
3. My Son! My Son! Go to the red star, the earth.
She cometh thy way; her coat is red with mortal blood!
4. Fragapatti said: The Father saith: The red star cometh
this way; her coat is red with mortal blood!
6. And then they overhauled the earth's history,
these Gods and Goddesses; measured her course to learn just when she would pass; and they found five years
and fifty days would be her dawn of dan, her time to cross the arc of Aza. And as yet she roamed two hundred years
9. Fragapatti said: Autevat, my son, the All Light fell upon me, saying: My Son, go to the red star, the
earth; her coat is red with mortal blood! Now, by her time, she standeth more than two hundred years beyond
the boundaries of Horub. For this, I called thee and thy attendants. How long will it take thee to go thither
and survey the earth and her heavens, and return hither?
10. Autevat, well trained in such matters, said: Of
the earth's time, forty days.
OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti Chapter 2:
4. But in forty days' time, or in
such period as would be forty days on the earth, Autevat and his attendants, twenty thousand, with the arrow-ship
of fire, returned from the earth and her heavens, speeding close to Obsod, where the marshals received them, and announced
them to the Council.
The earth was travelling at a speed of 200 years away from the Arc of Aza, it took only
20 days for the arrow-ship to travel to the earth from the Arc of Aza.
200 (years) x 365 (days) = 73000 days
divided by 20 (days) = 73000 divided by 20 = 3650 x faster than the travel of the solar system.
C) Our solar system ( Solar =’s, the sun, --, System =’s, the planets,
moons, asteroids and comets) revolves around the galaxy at 885,139 kilometers per second or 550,000 miles per hour,
taking 225 million years to make one rotation around the galaxy.
3650 x 550,000 (mph) (x faster Arrow-ship vs Solar system) = 2007500000 = 2,007,500,000 = 2 Billion mph
divided by 60 = 33458333.3333 mpm, 33458333.3333 divided by 60 = 557638.888888 miles per second = 557,638 miles per second,
faster than the
apparent speed of light (186,240 miles per second)
557638.888888 (speed of Arrow-ship) divided
by 186240 (speed of light) = 2.99419506491 or almost 3 x the speed of Light. (science fiction warp speed).
'Warp drive' may be more feasible than thought, scientists say
Published September 17, 2012 Space.com
A concept for a real-life warp drive was suggested in 1994 by Mexican physicist Miguel Alcubierre, however subsequent
calculations found that such a device would require prohibitive amounts of energy.
say that adjustments can be made to the proposed warp drive that would enable it to run on significantly less energy, potentially
brining the idea back from the realm of science fiction into science.
An Alcubierre warp drive would involve a football-shape spacecraft attached
to a large ring encircling it. This ring, potentially made of exotic matter, would cause space-time to warp around the starship,
creating a region of contracted space in front of it and expanded space behind.
the starship itself would stay inside a bubble of flat space-time that wasn't being warped at all...
this concept, the spacecraft would be able to achieve an effective speed of about 10 times the speed of light, all without
breaking the cosmic speed limit...
"There is hope," Harold "Sonny"
White of NASA's Johnson Space Center said here Friday (Sept. 14) at the 100 Year Starship Symposium, a
meeting to discuss the challenges of interstellar spaceflight.
But recently White calculated what would
happen if the shape of the ring encircling the spacecraft was adjusted into more of a rounded
donut, as opposed to a flat ring. He found in that case, the warp drive could be powered by a mass about
the size of a spacecraft like the Voyager 1 probe NASA launched in 1977.
if the intensity of the space warps can be oscillated over time, the energy required is reduced even more, White found.
"The findings I presented today change it from impractical to plausible
and worth further investigation," White told SPACE.com. "The additional energy reduction
realized by oscillating the bubble intensity is an interesting
conjecture that we will enjoy looking at in the lab." = 2012 physicists http://www.foxnews.com/science/2012/09/17/warp-drive-may-be-more-feasible-than-thought-scientists-say/"This ring, potentially made of exotic matter, would cause space-time
to warp around the starship...Meanwhile, the starship itself
would stay inside a bubble of flat space-time that wasn't being warped at all""around about the whole ship was the photosphere of its power, so that the whole adavaysit was like a crystal ship within a globe [or bubble] of phosphorescent light" - Oahspe
1881 Book of Apollo, Son of Jehovih: Chapter X: 9
Oahspe's star-ships (space-ships)
were surrounded by a globe or bubble of energy that was related to its power or warp drive. Oahspe's description
came 113 years before the physicist Miguel Alcubierre came up with the concept.
Above is from the book "Are Universes Thicker Than Blackberries?: Discourses on Gödel,
Magic .." by Martin Gardner (2004). On page 108 of the above book the author makes a common mistake I have heard, he states that according to Oahspe our solar system travels in an orbit
around the Milky Way galaxy that takes 4,700,000 years. This is false (and a failure to understand Oahspe), the 4,700,000 year orbit
(of Cevorkum) that Oahspe speaks of is a SUB-GALACTIC ORBIT around the North Star (Polaris) not a galactic orbit around the
Milky Way. And as you read below on this page you will see Newbrough accomplished much more than "not such a bad guess",
but he gave an accurate number based on the unknown distance to Polaris at the time and the unknown speed of the solar system at the
time (in 1881, see proof and mathematics below).
What I did with the
mathematics, that to my knowledge no one else has done, is I am not waiting on scientists to discover this sub-galactic
orbit to see if it is mathematically valid. Oahspe gives us
enough info to test if something is mathematically possible. Oahspe tells us that the center of this sub-galactic
orbit is the North Star or Polaris, astronomers have measured Polaris to be 434 light-years away, right there that gives
us the radius of a circle or orbit. If you know that radius of a circle you can calculate the circumference (or orbit)
of a circle by the geometric formula pi x radius x 2 = circumference of a circle (or orbit).
434 (light-years away
Polaris) x 3.14159 x 2 = 2726.90012 light-years circuit.
Next add the speed of the solar system to the distance of
2726.90012 light-years to get time of Circuit.
Sources for distance and speeds:
the solar system a speed
of something like 420,000 MPH.
the Sun appears to be cruising along at 200 kilometers per second
Distance to Polaris (North Star) 434 light years.
200 kilometers per second = 447,387 mph.
Speed of light in miles per second:
x faster light vs solar system
Speed of light = 186282 miles per second x 60 x 60 = miles per hour = 670,615,200
670,615,200 mph / 420,000 mph = 1596.702857 x faster light vs solar system
2726.90012 x 1596.70285 = 4,354,049.19
years = time of sub-galactic orbit of the solar system around polaris (North Star).
Oahspe had a number of 4,700,000
years for sub-galactic orbit around the North Star.
4,354,049.19 / 4,700,000 = 0.92639 or 92.639% accurate.
into account that in 1881 scientists inaccurately measured the distance to the North Star (Polaris) at only 50 light-years.
that makes Oahspe's 92.6% accuracy even more impressive, because if John Newbrough had
used the then measured distance to Polaris at only 50 light-years
that would have
gave a time of:
434 / 50 = 8.68,
4,354,049.19 / 8.68 = 501,618.57 years for sub-galactic orbit of Solar system.
501,618.57 / 4,700,00 = 0.1067 = only 10.67% accuracy.
How did John Ballou Newbrough come up with a number that is 92.6% accurate, when if he had copied the astronomical knowledge
at the time he would have came up with a number that was only 10.67% accurate??.
It is as if Newbrough was in contact with someone who knew the distance to Polaris was
434 light-years in 1881 instead of 50 light-years. That is impressive.
The galactic year, also known as a cosmic year, is the duration of
time required for the Solar System to orbit once around the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. Estimates
of the length of one orbit range from 225 to 250 million terrestrial
"time required for the Solar System to orbit once around the center of the Milky Way Galaxy" = range from
225 to 250 million terrestrial years.
225 / 250 = .90 or
90%. 90% is an acceptable range for the galactic orbit, so 92.6% is more than close enough to verify Oahspe's number of 4,700,000 for a sub-galactic orbit arond the North
Very Impressive, Oahspe is amazing!!.-
I was testing the mathematical soundness of the Polaris
sub-galactic orbit theory. Scientists use mathematics to test theories all the time, such as in string theory,
before it is proven to be true. I have already conceded that science has not discovered the sub-galactic orbit. You are
stating the obvious about the galactic orbit and what is already known. The question is, is there a sub-galactic orbit that
science has at present not discovered yet?
Scientific theories are testable and make falsifiable predictions.
The defining characteristic of all scientific knowledge, including theories, is the ability to make falsifiable or
testable predictions. Theories do not have to be perfectly accurate
to be scientifically useful.
An assumption (or axiom) is a statement that is accepted without evidence. For example, assumptions can be used as premises in a logical argument. Isaac Asimov described assumptions as follows:
Certain assumptions are necessary for all empirical
claims (e.g. the assumption that reality exists). However, theories do not generally make assumptions in the conventional
sense (statements accepted without evidence). While assumptions are often incorporated during the formation of new theories,
these are either supported by evidence (such as from previously existing theories) or the evidence is produced in the course
of validating the theory.
theory can be tested for accuracy using mathematics.
= the solar system orbits around Polaris (North Star) in 4,700,000 years.
Result = unsuccessful attempt to falsify the theory (mathematical test).
Just because one is true does not mean the other is false. Our solar-system
could be going around BOTH the center of the Milky Way galaxy and Polaris. They are not mutually exclusive, just as the
moon goes around the earth while the moon and the earth goes around the sun, or just as the earth goes around the sun while
the earth and the sun goes around the galaxy. Just because one is true does not make the other one false. They both can
be true. Perhaps it takes the use of modern astronomical equipment
and techniques to observe and plot the movement and position of the solar-system in relation to Polaris and the center of
the galaxy for hundreds or even thousands of years to know if the solar-system orbits Polaris. It is easy
with modern equipment and techniques to see that we are in orbit around the galaxy because astronomers have mapped the size
and structure of the galaxy and can see it is spinning and since we are part of the galaxy we obviously are in rotation
around the galaxy as it is spinning.
The term sub-galactic orbit is so unique, when you google "sub-galactic
orbit" all results refer to this studyofoahspe.com website except for one
(http://b3ta.com/) that makes a joke about people being so phenomenomally dense, that they may in fact be the centre
of a sub-galactic orbit pattern.
I first saw the term "sub-galactic orbit" in
reference to our solar system from "Removing OAHSPE's Enigma By Jim Dennon":
http://www.angelfire.com/ia/faithist/apage5.jpg (uses sub-galactic term in reference to C'Vork'Um near
http://www.angelfire.com/ia/faithist/apage1.jpg (from Jim Dennon, September,
1979). Jim Dennon and his mom.
Below is astronomical evidence that
the sun is in a sub-galactic orbit around Polaris the North Star.
Removing OAHSPE's Enigma By Jim Dennon, below:
Picture below shows Polaris (N. Star) just
above the galactic plane (--- dashed line) in the center of the sun's orbit (1) above and below the galactic plane.
First Realistic Simulation of the
the Milky Way. August 25, 2011.
sky observations and astrophysical simulations have to match up exactly.
Simulated Milky Way galaxy after 13 billion of years. Notice the long spiral arms rotating around center of galaxy.
Also notice the elliptical or oval holes inside the spiral arms, I believe these elliptical holes represent sub-galactic vortices (sub-galactic
orbits of many solar-systems like are own). The gas
clouds are represented in red, [the gas and dust aligns with the vortexian currents, as does the sub-vortices
or orbits within the Milky Way galaxy. Our sun and solar system travels along one of the galactic spiral arms as it travels
along one of the sub-galactic elliptical curves] the stars are
blue. In the center of one of the red ovals is
the star Polaris.
Above illustration shows galaxy
with sub-vortices within it. "every vortex
contains sub-vortices" - pages 235-236 of THE UNIVERSAL CYCLE THEORY (2011) by Stephen J. Puetz (mathematician,
statistician) and Glenn Borchardt, PH.D.(Geology-Geophysics).
The solar motion on top of its circular orbit about the centre of the Galaxy
(which has a period of about 230 million years) can be described by how fast
is going in three different directions:
Of course the Sun
won't keep on going in this direction forever. In fact we approximate
its motion by
an 'epicycle' on top of the mean motion around the Galaxy.
a small circle whose center moves around the circumference of a larger one.
Sub-galactic orbit =
a small circle whose center moves around
the circumference of a larger one.
orbit = a larger one.
The sub-galactic orbit is just one of many number of cycles within cycles. The sub-galactic orbit is
just a cycle (sub-galactic) within a cycle (galactic).
------- Pi x r x 2 + orbital velocity = circumference time
an elliptical orbit r (radius) would be the semi-major axis.
semi-major axis is one half of the major axis, and thus runs from the centre, through a focus, and to the perimeter. Essentially,
it is the radius of an orbit at the orbit's two most distant points. For the special case of a circle, the semi-major axis
is the radius.
of a satellite is the time it takes it to make one full orbit around an object. The period of the Earth as it
travels around the sun is one year (365.25 days. Oahspe Book of Cosmology and Prophecy: Chapter VII: 17. In orachnebuahgalah
the student will...number the earth 1 and 365 [days = 1 year].
you know the satellite’s speed and the radius at which it orbits, you can figure out its period.
from Exopaedia Website
Alcyone is one
of the main stars of the Pleiades cluster. Its official astronomical designation is Eta Taurus, and it's approximately 407.4 light years away.
Some Mayan legends refer to Alcyone as the 'Great Central Sun' around which our solar system would rotate.
Guatemala- Cradle of Mayan Civilization
[The Cradle of Ongwee-ghan, Native American Indian
in Gautama] where the I'hins first landed
after the sinking of the continent of Pan in the Pacific ocean.
The Maya are well known for their precise calendar and astronomy. The Maya incorporated
their astronomical and calendrical data into an intricate, mathematical discipline.
The Maya also incorporated
mathematically contrived Long Count dates and 'Distance' numbers into their codices and inscriptions, using these and other
techniques, the Maya developed mathematical frameworks through
which astronomical and calendrical cycles could be viewed as interconnected parts of a grand astronomical order.
Over a century of formal scholarly investigations has enabled a fairly broad understanding of the nature of ancient Maya
thought processes behind this 'grand astronomical order'.
Alcyone, the central star of the Pleiades, is located at
30 degrees from Taurus, near the constellation Orion.
The Tzolk'in is the sacred calendar of the Maya and is based
on the cycles of the Pleiades. The cycle of the Pleiades uses 26,000 years, that the Sun orbiting Alcyone, the central star of the Pleiades,...
Distance to Earth: 400 light years (Alcyone,
brightest star in the Pleiades)
In Oahspe the 'Great Central Sun' around
which our solar system rotates is Polaris (North Star) the radius or center
of Cevorkum at a distance of 434 light-years form earth.
400/434 = 0.921 = 92.1% same distance of Mayan Great Central Sun and Oahspe Great Central Sun.
407.4/433.8 (Google Polaris distance from earth) = 0.939 = 93.9%
same distance of Mayan and Oahspean central sun which our solar system orbits around.
Polaris and Alcyone
(Pleiades) on sky star map:
Above diagram shows the Sun and everything in the solar system in orbit around the North Star Polaris
(the radius of the orbit). Below shows the center medium between plus (+) and minus (-) radial velocity doppler
shifts close to zero between orbiting object and central radius.
Above drawing by John Ballou Newbrough of the
central Pole Star in Oahspe plate ILLUSUSTRATIONS OF CORPOREAL WORLDS.
Above map showing the North Pole at the center of the Artic Circle, just as Polaris the North Star
is at the center of Cevorkum (C'vorkum), the sub-galactic orbit (circle) of our solar system. Knowing where the North Star
is located and it's distance from earth in light-years is important for calculating prophecy (ORACHNEBUAHGALAH plate). There
is a hidden astronomical mathematical code to prophecy based on light-years distance to the North Star and light-years travel of our solar system that was discovered in 2014 by the author of this website.
Above is two photo images composited. The base image is the building and the point stars. The star trails
are from a CONSIDERABLY longer exposure. Then the two were layered in an image editor. Stars making full circle around polestar
For calculations below see above distance, time, and speed, calculation of
arrow-ship to earth (2.994 X the speed of light) in OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti Chapter 1
"the Lords took on corporeal forms and reasoned with mortals; especially on the stars and moon and on the earth;
teaching the philosophers the four motions of the earth: axial, oscillaic,
orbitic and vorkum; the plan of the hissagow, and the cycles of the earth;
the cycles of the sun; and the cycles of
the sun's sun; the north star-belt therein, and the vortices that move them all."
Book Of Wars
Against Jehovih Ch XXXVII v 7
This artist's concept shows two class F stars: supergiant Polaris A and its distant companion Polaris B
light-years distance (434), the center of Cevorkum,
the Master Sun, the Sun's sun.
The bright supergiant Polaris with one of its smaller
Polaris RadiusPolaris is a white supergiant star with a radius of around 22 million miles
(35 million km), which is around fifty times the size of the sun.
Polaris MassPolaris is estimated to have a mass of around 4.5 times greater than that of the sun.
Polaris TemperaturePolaris has surface temperatures of around 5,700C (10,300F),
which is similar to the surface temperature of the
Due to its larger surface
area Polaris has a luminosity around 2,500 times greater than that of our sun.
Cevorkum is a geometric diagram of a circumference (the outer boundary of the roadway, ie. the dashed curve under
the letters cevorkum) whose centre is very nearly the North Star hidan sun, sun's sun?
gives a diagram of the orbit of the solar system [called Cevorkum] around an area in the direction of the north star,
in the Book of Cosmogony.
Plate 49.-Cevorkum, roadway of solar phalanx. 4,700,000 [years]
Earth travels with the hidan sun (north Star)
the central sun's Sun (possibly
the north star)
Where lies the earth and her troubled heavens? Is this not the young star,
a satellite that travels with the hidan sun? |1026 1026 North Star.--1891
Earth travels with the sun also (revolves around it, in a circuit).
Average distance of
earth from sun = 92.9 million miles
Earth's orbit (or circuit) around sun = 584.0 million miles
According to page
163 1984 Guinness Book of World Records
92.9 x 3.14 x 2 = 583.412 miles = orbit or circuit of earth around sun
formula works for earth and sun, should work for solar system and north star Polaris
the Earth rotates on its axis and orbits around the sun, the North Pole continues to point in the same direction in space.
All the other stars in the sky appear to move, but Polaris doesn't; it is at one of two points in the sky
that remain stationary. The rest of the stars appear to revolve around it. This fixed
point is called the Celestial North Pole.
It doesn't rise or set, but just
sits in the same position at all times. The only reason we can't see it during the day is
that the daytime sky is far brighter than the star.
The other fixed point in the sky, the Celestial
South Pole, is directly above the Earth's South Pole, but there isn't any bright star in that position.
is reckoned to be a giant star, with a radius 30 times that of our sun
Star Polaris found that it is about 323 light-years from the sun and Earth...
other stars, which appear to rise and set over the course of a night as the Earth rotates, Polaris remains
in a fixed position in the northern sky, making it a valuable navigation beacon. In long-exposure photos, stars
in the sky appear to circle Polaris.
Polaris is actually one of at least three stars in a single system. The
star is about 4,000 times as bright as the sun.
Circumference = π × diameter = π × 2 × radius
circumference of a circle is the length around it.
π = 3.14159
away Polaris) x 3.14159 x 2 = 2726.90012 light-years circuit
2726.90012 x 1220.7 (x faster light vs solar system) = 3328726.97648
= 3 million 328,726 years circuit aroud north star
Speed of solar system = 550000 mph divided
by 60 = 9166.66666667 miles per minute
9166.66666667 divided by 60 = 152.777777778 miles per second
speed of light
186240 divided by 152.7 = 1219.64636542 x faster light vs solar system
1219.64636542 = 1220 rounded off (1220.7 if on
the other numbers you divided out to 1 or 2 decimal places insted of out to 8 or 9 decimal places)
The gap between 3.3 million and 4.7 million may be due to the center of the circuit may be a little farther
away than North Star (Polaris and its 2 companions may be orbiting the center of gravity a distace from them) or
I used incorrect numbers for the speed of the solar system (see 3 paragraphs below for new calculations).
323 x 3.14159 x 2 = 2029.46714 light-years circuit around Polaris (North Star)
3650 divided by 2.99 =
1220.7 = x faster speed of light is to speed of solar system
1220.7 x 2029.46714 = 2477370.5378 = 2 million 477,370 years
circuit for sun to go around North Star Polaris.
434 divided by 323 = 1.34365325077 x 2477370.5378 = 3328726.97648 =
3 million 328,726 years circuit for the sun to go around the North Star Polaris
Calculations came to 3.3 million year
circuit vs Oahspe says 4.7 million circuit (for circuit of solar phalanx), difference may be due to the center of
the circuit may be a little farther away than North Star (Polaris and its 2 companions may be orbiting
the center of gravity a distace from them)
Polaris, the team calculated,
was 434 light-years away.
Last November, astronomer David Turner made headlines by claiming that one of the
sky's best known objects—the North Star, Polaris—was actually 111 light-years closer than thought
a new study argues that distance measurements of the familiar star made some 2 decades ago by the European Space Agency's
venerable Hipparcos satellite are still spot on. Experts appear to agree.
Other numbers for the speed of the solar system:
Our solar system
itself is also moving in an orbit around the galactic core. The solar system is something like 25,000 light years away from
the center of the galaxy, and the galaxy makes one rotation every 250 million years or so. That gives the solar system a speed of something like 420,000 MPH.
550,000 divided by 420,000 = 1.30952380952 x 3328726.97648 = 4359047.23109 = 4 million
359,047 years circuit or rounded to 4.4 million years
4.4 million is very close to Oahspe's 4.7
million years for the circuit (Cevorkum) of the solar phalanx around the North Star [Polaris - Hidan Sun]. My calculated number
of 4.4 million is even closer when you calculate the circuit of the sun based on number of arcs in a circuit = 1,500 x duration
of each arc (age or cycle) = 3000 years = 1,500 arcs x 3,000 years = 4,500,000 years = 4.5 million year circuit around the
north star which is almost the same as my calculation of 4.4 million years.
the earth plieth in a circuit around the sun, which circuit is divided into four arcs called spring, summer, autumn and winter.
2. Second, the sun, with his family, plieth in a large circuit, which is divided into one
thousand five hundred arcs, the distance of which for each arc is about three thousand years, or one cycle.
3. During a cycle, the earth and her heavens fall in the etherean regions of hundreds of etherean worlds, where dwell Jehovih's
high-raised angels, whose Chiefs have to do with the management of worlds.
Synopsis Of Sixteen
Cycles Chapter I
1,500 arcs x 3,000 years = 4,500,000 years
So far modern science has not
discovered the Cevorkum, but my calculations show that Oahspe's numbers of 4.5 and 4.7 million are mathematically sound and
are in agreement with the scientific measurement of facts (distance of Polaris from our solar system, velocity of our
solar system, using formula Circumference = π × diameter = π × 2 × radius). The North
Star Polaris is a giant star, with a radius 30 times that of our sun and about 4,000 times as bright as the
sun, the sun's sun. My research and calculations solve the mystery of what is the sun's sun,
and what is the orbit of our solar phalanx in Oahspe. According to Oahspe it is NOT the orbit of the solar system around the
center of the Milky Way galaxy but the orbit of the solar system around the North Star. Jim Denim (Removing
OAHSPE's Enigma) said of CEVORKUM, also called C'Vork'Um, is the direction (um) of the chief (C') vortex (vork or
work), which is the solar system (Great Serpent or Tow'Sang in Oahspe) within the master vortex of the north star. C'Vork'Um
is the sub-galactic orbit of our solar system (Great Serpent, Tow-Sang). Jim Denim said our slar system is moving toward the
constellation of Hercules at 12 miles per second (43,200 miles per hour). One curcuit of c'vork'um takes about 4,608,000 [4.6
million] years (rounded to 4,700,000 years in Oahspe). On pages 163-164 of The Guinness Book of World Records 1984 edition
(The Universe and Space) it says The solar system is revolving around the center of the Milky Way once in each 225,000,000
years, at a speed of 481,000 mph and has a velocity of 42,500 mph relative to stars in our region such as Vega [in the constellation
Hercules], toward which it is moving.
The 4.5 or 4.7 million year number in Oahspe is amazing
because it wasn't possible for man to calculate the sub-galactic orbit of the solar system in 1881 when Oahspe was written
because man did not have the knowledge that our sun was in orbit , so the speed of the solar system could not be calculated.
Even if they knew the distance to the North Star in 1881, and they calculated r x 2 x Pi = Circumference, without knowing
the speed of the solar system around the galaxy they could not arrive at the time in years it would take to complete the circuit
or orbit. Some sources say 225 million years galactic orbit, some sources say 250 million years galactic orbit, some sources
say 225-250 million years galactic orbit. 481,000 mph (solar system speed) = 225 million years galactic orbit. 420,000 mph
= 250 million years galactic orbit. 250/225 = 1.11 = 481/420 = 1.14. 225/250 = 0.90 = 420/481 = 0.87.
At the time Oahspe was typed in 1881 the concept of our sun orbiting another sun or star was
not in accordance with the astronomical knowledge of the period. Even in the early twentieth
century, the prevailing view was that our Sun was the center of not only the Galaxy, but also of the universe. Before and
during the time Oahspe was typed, man believed in "the fixed stars" , they didn't believe the stars were in orbits.
It wasn't untill 1918 that astronomers discovered that our Sun was not at the center of the Galaxy
or universe and was in orbit around the Galaxy. CEVORKUM could not be calculated by man until after 1938, 57 years after Oahspe
C) Our solar system ( Solar =’s, the sun, --, System =’s, the planets, moons,
asteroids and comets) revolves around the galaxy at 885,139 kilometers per second or 550,000 miles per hour, taking 225 million
years to make one rotation around the galaxy.
The earth was travelling at a speed of 200 years away from the Arc of Aza, it took only 20 days
for the arrow-ship to travel to the earth from the Arc of Aza.
200 (years) x 365 (days) = 73000 days divided by 20 (days)
= 73000 divided by 20 = 3650 x faster than the travel of the solar system.
C) Our solar system ( Solar =’s,
the sun, --, System =’s, the planets, moons, asteroids and comets) revolves around the galaxy at 885,139 kilometers
per second or 550,000 miles per hour, taking 225 million years to make one rotation around the galaxy.
3650 x 550,000 (mph) (x faster Arrow-ship vs Solar system) = 2007500000 = 2,007,500,000 = 2 Billion mph
divided by 60 = 33458333.3333 mpm, 33458333.3333 divided by 60 = 557638.888888 miles per second = 557,638 miles per second,
faster than the
apparent speed of light (186,240 miles per second)
557638.888888 (speed of Arrow-ship) divided
by 186240 (speed of light) = 2.99419506491 or almost 3 x the speed of Light. (science fiction warp speed).
(x faster arrow-ship vs solar system) divided by 2.99 (x speed of light of arrow-ship) = 1220.7 (x faster speed of light vs
Page 84 of the THE CONCISE BOOK OF ASTRONOMY says "Our galaxy
is rotating round its central regions, but it does not turn like a solid wheel. [turns
like a vortex or whirpool] Stars near the centre make one orbit in only a few million years. [few
= at least 3 or 4 million years same as the circuit of Cevorkum in Oahspe].
Book of Cosmology and Prophecy: Chapter I:
35...But that which is called light is polarity of
corporeal needles in solution, caused by the lines of vortexya. In experiments on earth, the flash requireth a certain time
to polarize these infinitesimal needles, and for convenience sake such lapse of time is called the travel of light.[Speed
of polarization of corporeal needles in solution. Light is polarized state, once polarized there is no travel or speed to
Light, but to go from unpolarized darkness or confusion to polarized light takes a certain time and that lapse of time is
the constant C speed of polarization which scientist call the speed or travel of light]
is the speed of light measured?
Before the seventeenth century, it was generally thought that light is transmitted instantaneously.
This was supported by the observation that there is no noticeable lag in the position of the Earth's shadow on the Moon during
a lunar eclipse, which would otherwise be expected if c were finite. Nowadays, we know that light moves just too quickly
for the lag to be noticeable. Galileo doubted that light's speed is infinite, and he devised an experiment to measure
that speed by manually covering and uncovering lanterns that were spaced a few miles apart. We don't know if he ever
attempted the experiment, but again c is too high for such a method to give an even remotely accurate answer...
measurement of c that didn't make use of the heavens was by Armand Fizeau in 1849. He used a beam of light reflected
from a mirror 8 km away. The beam was aimed at the teeth of a rapidly spinning wheel. The speed of the wheel was
increased until its motion was such that the light's two-way passage coincided with a movement of the wheel's circumference
by one tooth. This gave a value for c of 315,000 km/s. Leon Foucault improved on this result a year later using
rotating mirrors, which gave the much more accurate value of 298,000 km/s. His technique was good enough to confirm
that light travels slower in water than in air.
The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted c, is a universal physical constant important
in many areas of physics. Its value is 299,792,458 metres per second,...
In imperial units this speed is approximately
186,282 miles per second.
C indicates the constant speed of polarization in a vacuum. The denser the material the longer
(infinitesimal time) it takes to polarize the corporeal needles in solution.
"light is polarity of corporeal needles"
"the flash requireth a certain time to polarize these infinitesimal
needles...such lapse of time is called the travel of light." The speed of polarization (of corporeal needles in solution).
flash - a sudden intense burst of radiant energy
Oahspe said there is "a certain time to polarize" and the "lapse of time
is called the travel of light", the travel of polarization of corporeal needles in solution ( travel = to polarize the
adjacent area of space then the next area of space etc...so on and so forth)
time to polarize the corporeal needles has been accuratly measured and that lapse of time is called the travel or speed of
light, the constant c speed of polarization. A light-year is a polarization-year.
A beam of light is depicted travelling between the Earth and the Moon
in the time it takes a light pulse to move between them: 1.255 seconds at their mean orbital (surface-to-surface) distance.
The relative sizes and separation of the Earth–Moon system are shown to scale.
Oahspe Book of Knowledge Part 2:
32. Yes, I have measured the stars in Your firmament,...
33. I have measured
the light and computed the time of its coming, |1503| and lo, they have also existed for millions of years.
i.e., computed how long it took the light to "travel" from star(s) to the earth
The Andromeda Galaxy is a spiral galaxy approximately 2.5 million light-years (2.4×1019 km) from Earth...Also
known as Messier 31, M31...
The 2006 observations by the Spitzer Space Telescope revealed that M31 contains one trillion
1 light-year = 5.87849981 × 10 to the 12 miles .
= time to polarize infinitesimal needles in solution over
a distance of 5.87849981 × 10 to the 12 miles.
light-year = time to
go from unpolarized darkness or confusion to polarized light, to polarize the adjacent area of space then the next area of
space etc...so on for a distance of 5.87849981 × 10 to the 12 miles.-
Distance to Polaris (North Star) 434 light years = radius
= 434 light-years distance = 133 parsecs = radius of Cevorkum
434 x 3.14159 = 1363.45 x 2 = 2726.9 Light-years = Cevorkum
c/mach = 880,991.09 = speed of light in vacuum / speed of sound at sea level
880991.09 / 2726.9 =
c/mach / Cevorkum = 323.07 light-years = 99.05 parsecs
Selected distance estimates to Polaris
2012 323 ly (99 pc)
Turner, et al.
3.^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Turner; Kovtyukh; Igor Usenko; Gorlova (2012). "The Pulsation Mode
of the Cepheid Polaris". arXiv:1211.6103v1 [astro-ph.SR].
323 = 111 light-years from polaris
showing the distance to the North Star and calculating the speed of our solar system around the galaxy and utilizing the
circumference formula pi times radius (distance to North Star) squared to
arrive at a grand 4.5 million years circuit that we actually PASS THROUGH (and has a direct impact on us) versus
the 25,920 years astrological (precession of the equinoxes) circuit
that happened trillions of miles away that does not affect us here on earth (but sometimes may synchronize with C'vorkum
arc cycles and sub-cycles and rules of prophecy).
4.6 or 4.7 million year number in Oahspe is amazing because it wasn't possible for man to calculate the sub-galactic orbit
of the solar system in 1881 when Oahspe was written because man
did not have the knowledge that our sun was in orbit , so the speed of the solar system could not be calculated.
Even if they knew the distance to the North Star in 1881, and they calculated r x 2 x Pi = Circumference, without knowing
the speed of the solar system around the galaxy they could not arrive at the time in years it would take to complete the circuit or orbit.
proof of Cevorkum.
C'vorkum Theorum of Oahspe
A rigorous mathematical argument which unequivocally demonstrates the truth of a given proposition. A
mathematical statement that has been proven is called a theorem.
A theorem is a statement that can be demonstrated
to be true by accepted mathematical operations and arguments.
1 What is a Proof?
A proof is a method of ascertaining truth. But what constitutes a proof differs among fields.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Course Notes 1
6.042J/18.062J, Fall ’02: Mathematics for Computer Science.
Professor Albert Meyer and Dr. Radhika Nagpal
Lec 1 | MIT 6.042J Mathematics for Computer Science,
Lecture 1: Introduction and Proofs
Instructor: Tom Leighton
Definition of Proof given 1 minute and 18 seconds into video above.
Tom Leighton is a Professor of Applied Mathematics and a member of the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence
Laboratory (CSAIL) at MIT. CEVORKUM mathematical
formula (date < February 10,
He received his B.S.E. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Princeton in
1978, and his Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics from MIT in 1981,
under the direction of Gary Miller. He joined the MIT Mathematics faculty in 1982, and became Professor in 1989. In 2014 he was elected to the Massachusetts Academy of Sciences.
Speed of solar system around galaxy = 420,000 mph
Distance to Polaris (North Star) 434
light years = radius
Orbit or circumference of a circle = radius x 2 x Pi (π = 3.14159)
C'VORKUM or Circumference = π × diameter = π × 2 × radius
For speed of solar system = 550000 mph
434 (light-years away Polaris) x 3.14159 x 2 = 2726.90012 light-years
2726.90012 x 1220.7 (x faster light vs solar system) = 3328726.97648 = 3 million 328,726 years circuit around
north star (Polaris).
Convert to solar system speed of 420,000 MPH
550,000 divided by 420,000 = 1.30952380952 x
3328726.97648 = 4359047.23109 = 4 million 359,047 years circuit
or rounded to 4.4 million years
4.4 million is very close to Oahspe's 4.5 to 4.7 million. (an age or cycle can vary 2,400
to 3,600 years, so a circuit or C'VORKUM can vary 100 to 300 thousand years).
= CV =C'VORK'UM, Pd = Polaris distance (radius), SGS = Solar Galactic Speed
CV = Pdx2 + SGS
= 4.4 million years.
According to Oahspe scholar Jim Dennon C'Vork'um is 4.6 million years
My calculation of C'vorkum
based on astronomical calculations and geometric formula
= 4.359.067 years
4,359,947 / 4,700,000 (Oahspe's number) = 92.74% same
4,359,047 / 4,608,000 (Dennon's number) = 94.59% same
5.41 to 7.26 percent is an acceptable margin of error
or variation over such an enormous (4.5 million
years) period of time.
Margin of error . -
Margin of error = calculated uncertainty
MIT Opencouseware Physics: Lecture 02: Introduction to kinematics l 8.01
12:17 to 12:25 "a measurement is meaningless without
knowledge of the uncertainty in your measurement"
confidence intervals, the margin of error can be defined for any desired confidence level, but usually a level of 90%, 95% or 99% is chosen (typically 95%). This level is the probability that a margin of error around the reported percentage would include the "true"
It wasn't until 1918 that astronomers discovered that our Sun was
not at the center of the Galaxy or universe and was in orbit around the Galaxy. CEVORKUM could not be calculated by man until after 1918, 37 years after Oahspe was typed.
calculated speed of the solar system I could find was 1978 (86 years after Oahspe).
Speed of the Sun
The Physics Factbook
Norton, Arthur P. Norton's Star Atlas.New York: Longman Scientific & Technical, 1978:
The Sun's orbit around
the Galaxy is expected to be roughly elliptical with the
addition of perturbations due to the Galactic spiral arms and non-uniform mass distributions.
The difference between my calculated time
of C'vorkum vs the number in Oahspe is probably due to the difference between an elliptical orbit vs a circle.
"In a circular orbit, the speed is the same all the way round, but in an elliptical orbit, the speed is NOT the same at perigee and apogee (those are the
points of maximum and minimum speed)".
The Earth travels around the sun in an ellipse. If
the Earth were to orbit the sun in a circle, the Earth's speed around the sun would be constant. We can think
of this as the Earth's average speed. However, because the Earth's orbit is elliptical, the speed of the Earth varies throughout
the year. The speed of the Earth is fastest when it is
closest to the sun, in January, and slowest when it is farthest away from the sun, in July. In other words,
in January it will be moving faster than average, and in July it will be moving slower than average.
The difference in speed of an elliptical orbit
vs a circular orbit is proportional to the difference in distance at aphelion and perihelion.
aphelion = 152.10 million kilometres
(94.51×106 mi) 1.0167 AU
147.10 million kilometres (91.40×106 mi) 0.98329 AU
00.98329 / 1.0167 = 0.96713878233 .
I guessed (without actually looking it up until many
months later) from my own insight that "the difference
in maximum and minimum speed of an elliptical orbit is proportional to the difference in distance at aphelion and perihelion"
and "the difference in speed of an elliptical orbit vs
a circular orbit is proportional to the difference in distance at aphelion and perihelion".
proved to be exactly correct (see below) out to 4 decimal places (ten thousandths of 1 percent). This guess may be a law
similar or the same as Kepler's Laws of planetary motion.
Laws of Planetary Motion - Third Law: Law of Harmonies:
The period of a planet’s orbit squared is proportional
to its average distance from the sun cubed.
deviation of a curve or orbit from circularity.
Relation of orbital speed and eccentricity.
Earth's eccentricity is 0.0167 and speed at perihelion is 30.3 Km/s and at aphelion 29.3 with a difference of
+/- 1.0164 wrt average orbital speed
this a coincidence or are the variations of speed directly
related to eccentricity?
No it's not a coincidence.
Kepler's second law: A line joining a planet and the Sun sweeps out equal areas during equal intervals
of time. The swept area is proportional to the distance times
the orbital velocity: dA = dt∗v∗r/2 = const dA = dt∗v∗r/2 = const. This makes the product of velocity and distance from the sun a constant.
Rotational speed in the earth's orbit around the sun
does vary according to our position in that orbit.
The planet moves faster when it is closer to the sun.
Maximum orbital speed at perihelion: (109,033 km/h)
Minimum orbital speed at aphelion: (105,448 km/h)
105,448 / 109,033 = 0.9671200462.
- 4,700,000 x 0.96713878233 = 4,545,552.27695
x 0.96713878233 = 4,456,575.50898
4,359,047.23109 / 4,545,552.27695 = 0.9589 = 95.89% same .
4,359,047.23109 / 4,456,575.50898 = 0.9781 = 97.81% same .
1.0167 / 0.98329 = 1.03397
x 4,359,047.23109 = 4,507,124.06553
4,507,124.06553 / 4,700,000 = 0.95896 = 95.896%
4,507,124.06553 / 4,608,000 = 0.97810 = 97.810%
The remaining 2.19% or 4.11% could be "perturbations due to the Galactic
spiral arms and non-uniform mass distributions".
2.19% and 4.11% are within the 95% margin of error.
MIT OpenCourseWare Physics.
Lec 22: Kepler's Laws, Elliptical Orbits, and Maneuvers | 8.01 Classical Mechanics (Walter Lewin)
This lecture is part of 8.01 Physics I: Classical Mechanics,
as taught in Fall 1999 by Dr. Walter Lewin at MIT.
From 2 minutes 19 seconds into video to 7 minutes 13 seconds.
Sent: Sunday, March 19, 2017 1:51 AM
Subject: a new word POLARIOCENTRIC
I have introduced
a new word to the english and scientific lexicon, the new word is POLARIOCENTRIC.
No results containing all your search terms were found.
Your search - POLARIOCENTRIC
- did not match any documents.
The Oahspe system of Astrology (or Cosmogony) is Polariocentric because it accepts
the true position of Polaris (the north Star) as the center and master of the solar orbit and provides a mode of interpretation,
that can be verified mathematically and astronomically. - page 144 of SEVEN YEARS THAT CHANGED THE WORLD, 1941-1948 (1940)
by Wing Anderson.
I replaced the word HELIOCENTRIC with POLARIOCENTRIC. Wing Anderson said "can be verified mathematically
and astronomically", I have done this (mathematically and and astronomically) with C'vorkum (mathematical proof).
Not Helio-centric but Polaris-centric 434 light-years as the center of a C'vorkum circle (circuit, orbit).
Our sun is 26,666 light-years from center of galaxy
Circumference of circle = r x 2 x pi
26,666 x 2 x 3.1415926 = 167,547.4165 light-years around galaxy.
speed of solar system = 550000 mph
1220.7 (x faster light vs solar system)
167,547.4 x 1220.7 = 204,525,111.2 million
Some sources say 225 million years galactic orbit, some sources say 250 million years galactic orbit, some sources
say 225-250 million years galactic orbit.
Convert to solar system speed of 420,000 MPH
550,000 divided by 420,000
= 1.30952380952 x 204,525,111 accounts for 250 million years plus galactic orbit.
divided by 447,387 = 1.22936071 x 204,525,111 = 251,435,135 (251 million years) galactic orbit of earth and solar system. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pi x r x 2 + velocity = circumference time (4.5 million years)
pi x r(Polaris)
x 2 + velocity (galactic) = circumference time (4.5 million years)
pi x r x 2 + orbital velocity = circumference
time (4.5 million years)
pi x r x 2 + velocity = sub-galactic orbit time (4.5 million years)
- A common mistake for Oahspe readers
is to think that Oahspe does not account for the travel of light:
Book of Cosmology and Prophecy: Chapter
35...But that which is called light is polarity of corporeal needles in solution, caused by the lines of vortexya.
In experiments on earth, the flash requireth a certain time to polarize these infinitesimal needles, and for convenience
sake such lapse of time is called the travel of light.[Speed of polarization of corporeal needles in solution. Light is
polarized state, once polarized there is no travel or speed to Light, but to go from unpolarized darkness or confusion to
polarized light takes a certain time and that lapse of time is the constant C speed of polarization which scientist call
the speed or travel of light]
Oahspe says Tae measured
the travel of light (such as light-years distance to the stars):
Oahspe Book of Knowledge Part 2:
28. Tae said: ...
32. Yes, I have measured the stars in Your firmament,...
33. I have measured the light and computed the time of its coming, |1503| and lo, they have also existed
for millions of years.
computed how long it took the light to "travel" from
star(s) to the earth.
What is being measured as the speed of light is actually an EFFECT (or process) of light, not light itself.
effect of the subatomic needles polarizing = lapse of time and travel of light.
List of the most distant astronomical objects
This article documents
the farthest known astronomical objects, and the time periods in which they were so classified.
from World Heritage Encyclopedia™ licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
1 List of the most distant astronomical objects .
List of most distant objects by type
of most distant astronomical object recordholders .
4 List of objects by year of discovery
that turned out to be most distant
5 See also
(Alpha Bootis) Star 1891 − 1910 160 ly
(this is very inaccurate) This number is wrong; originally announced in 1891, the figure was
corrected in 1910 to 40 ly (60 mas). From 1891 to 1910, it
had been thought this was the star with the smallest known parallax, hence the most distant star whose distance was known.
Prior to 1891, Arcturus had previously been recorded of having a parallax of 127 mas.
(Alpha Aurigae) Star 1849 -
(46 mas) 
(Alpha Ursae Minoris) Star 1847
- 1849 50 ly
very inaccurate) [1
At the time of Oahspe (1881) the most distant star or stars that man had measured in light-years
was the star Capella (Alpha Aurigae) at only 72 light-years.
So the concept and science of measuring the distance to stars millions of light-years away was far ahead of the time
At the time of Oahspe (1881)
man thought that Polaris was only 50 light-years away instead of the correct number of 434 light-years away. If Newbough
had used the 50 light-years distance to Polaris (the radius of Cevorkum) he would not have been able to come anywhere near
the 4.7 million years number for the Cevorkum circuit of the sub-galactic orbit of the solar system. There
is no way Newbrough could have came up with the 4.7 million years number (which is within 5 to 7% accurate according to
modern astronomy and math) for the sub-galactic orbit around Polaris (using pi x radius x 2 + speed of solar system around
This is more evidence that Newbrough was in contact
with a source that was far ahead of the knowledge of man on earth.
-As shown above and stated below the sun and the solar system is moving toward the star Vega in the constellation of Hercules
at the solar apex. Polaris is the raidus (434 light years distant). The north pole of the earth is in line with Polaris now,
near (just beyond) the solar apex, the solar system (including earth), Vega, and Polaris will line up.
Using the 1881 math and science for the distance to
Polaris (50 ly) Newbrough would have came up with a C'vorkum circuit number of approximately 502,300 years or
541,470 years by Oahspe's number. Both numbers are way off. It
is as if Newbrough was in contact with someone who knew the distance to Polaris was 434 light-years in 1881 instead of 50
Radius: a line segment joining the centre of the circle to any point on the circle itself.
of the Sun’s Way, or the solar apex, refers to the direction that the Sun travels through space. The radioastronomical
position of the solar apex is given as Ra= 18:03:50.2 Dec = 30:0:16.8. The direction of the solar apex is southwest
of the star Vega near the constellation of Hercules (shown above).
The stars in the Galaxy’s disk orbit
around the Galaxy’s centre. It would take the solar system about 250 million years to complete one orbit (a galactic
The general direction of the solar apex is southwest of the star Vega near the constellation
the Sun's general orbital speed around the Galactic center, about 220 km/s
Arcs of a circle = etherean arcs of a orbit, circuit,
or C'vorkum. An etherean arc is an age or cycle ranging from 2,400 to 3,600 years duration. Arc of Noe,
Arc of Bon etc... (the words Arch-angels and Noah's Ark are derivied from Etherean
Oahspe Synopsis Of Sixteen Cycles Chapter I
1. First, the earth plieth in
a circuit around the sun, which circuit is divided into four arcs called spring, summer, autumn and winter.
the sun, with his family, plieth in a large circuit, which is divided into one thousand
five hundred arcs, the distance of which for each arc is about three thousand years,
or one cycle.
3. During a cycle, the earth and her heavens fall in the etherean regions
of hundreds of etherean worlds, where dwell Jehovih's high-raised angels, whose Chiefs
have to do with the management of worlds.
1,500 arcs x 3,000 years = 4,500,000
years or 4.5 million years.
Oahspe Book of Jehovih: Chapter VII:
2. And Jehovih caused
the earth, and the family of the sun to travel in an orbit, the circuit of which requireth of them four million seven hundred
thousand years. (C'VORKUM, 4.7 million years).
If I knew that Polaris was the same distance
away from the earth (434 light-years) when the sun reaches solar apex then that would be evidence of Polaris being the central
radius of the solar system's cicuit or orbit around it, I don't have that data (distance of Polaris from Vega or the solar
apex), but redshift data or radial velocity (Doppler shift of spectral lines) would give me the same type of information.
A variable relatively low number either away or from the earth would indicate a relative same distance or fixed central postition
like the radius of a circle.
Radial velocity of Barnard's Star towards the Sun
velocity of Barnard's Star towards the Sun can be measured by its blue shift.
Two measurements are given in catalogues:
106.8 km/s in SIMBAD, which refers to a 1967
compilation of older measurements, and 110.8 km/s in ARICNS and similar
values in all
modern astronomical references.
Radial velocity (Rv) -110.6 ± 0.2 km/s
Radial velocity = Doppler shift of spectral lines. Doppler spectroscopy also known as the radial
The radial velocity of Vega is the component of this star's motion along the line-of-sight
to the Earth. Movement away from the Earth will cause the light from Vega to shift to a lower frequency (toward the red),
or to a higher frequency (toward the blue) if the motionis toward the Earth. Thus the velocity can be measured from the amount
of redshift (or blueshift) of the star's spectrum. Precise measurements of this redshift give a value of −13.9 ±
0.9 km/s. The minus sign indicates a relative motion toward the Earth.
Vega has a low radial velocity in relation to the earth, but the solar system is moving toward
Vega instead of around it so Vega could not be in a relative fixed or central position to the earth.
velocity of Polaris = Radial velocity (Rv) -17 km/s
Precise Radial Velocities of Polaris: Detection of Amplitude Growth
We find a pulsational
RV amplitude and period of Polaris for the three seasons
2005.183, 2006.360, and 2007.349 as 2K = 2.210 ± 0.048
km s–1, 2K = 2.080 ± 0.042 km s–1,
and 2K = 2.406 ± 0.018 km s–1
Polaris has a low radial velocity away from and toward the earth ranging from + 2 (2.080 ±
0.042 km s–1) to - 17 (-17 km/s) which may indicate a central fixed position in relation to the earth (solar system)or
it could just be traveling with the earth around the galaxy without being the radius of a orbit.
present the analysis of 4.5 years of nearly continuous observations of the classical Cepheid Polaris, which comprise the most
precise data available for this star. We have subtracted the main oscillation mode, and the residual amplitude spectra are
shown in the bottom panel of Figure 3. All spectra show a higher amplitude toward
lower frequencies. This could be due
to either instrumental drift or long-period variation intrinsic to Polaris, which we discuss in § 5.
A few radial velocity campaigns have claimed the presence of additional long-period variations
In the WIRE data we find evidence of low-amplitude variation (peak-to-peak 2 mmag) at timescales of 2-6
days, which are likely intrinsic to Polaris.
Since last July, the Earth has been falling ever closer to the Sun. Every moment since then,
our planet has edged closer to the nearest star in the Universe, approaching it at over 1100 kilometers per hour, 27,500 km/day,
800,000 km every month. But don’t panic! We do this every year. And that part of it ends today anyway.
orbit around the Sun is not a perfect circle. It’s actually an ellipse, so sometimes we’re closer to the Sun,
and sometimes farther away. Various factors change the exact date and time every year — you can get the numbers at the
Naval Observatory site — but aphelion (when we’re farthest from the Sun) happens in July, and perihelion (when
we’re closest) in January.
The Moon has an perigee and apogee as it ravels around the earth, the sun has a perihelion and
aphelion as the earth travels around it, and Polaris has a aphelion and perihelion (Doppler shift) as the solar system travels
The strongest evidence
(stronger than arc or direction of solar travel toward Vega in Hercules, radial velocity, or Doppler shift of spectral lines)
to support Oahspe's C'Vorkum figures of 4.5 to 4.7 million years
is my calculated number of 4.4 million years based on measured light-year distance to Polaris, measured speed of solar system
around the galaxy, and the formula Circumference = π × diameter = π × radius x 2.
Cosmic knowledge. Above drawing in Oahspe. Roadway of Solar Phalanx (Solar System) Plate. The figure
of the Serpent represents the Solar Phalanx (Solar System), it shows the Solar system traveling at about a 60 degree tilt
in its sub-galactic orbit (C'vorkum).
Position of our Solar System traveling through space
Okay, our solar system is traveling through space, orbiting our own galaxy, but how are we tilted?
Are we moving sideways through our galaxy? At a 45 degree slant? Straight "up?" Straight, "down?"
The plane of our Solar System is at about a 60 degree angle to the galactic plane.
The Sun and planets of the Solar System.
The solar system tilted, and the milky way galaxy. Note: SUPERimposed not to scale.
Plate 49.--Cevorkum, roadway of solar phalanx. a, a, a, lines of different currents; b, b, b, transverse
currents. The crossing denote the localities of the highest etherean light. The numbers with their signatures, show the densities
through which the great serpent passes each cycle. The lines across the cevorkum denote a cycle of three thousand years, but
overdrawn one thousand times in order to be apparent to the eye, i.e., one to 4,700,000.
1882 Green Oahspe plate 49.--Cevorkum, roadway of solar phalanx.
Densities through which the great
serpent passes each cycle:
Totall = 576259643
number of densities or cycles = 12
Mean or avererage = 576259643
/ 12 = 48021636.9167
Lowest density of cycles = 7283
Highest density of cycles = 467806358
up-inbetween, up-spike, down-inbetween, down-spike lowest, up-spike, down-spike, up-spike highest, down-spike, up-spike,
down = low density = ethe, dan
up = high density = nebula, a'ji
VV_^^_VV_^V_^V_^^ = rhythm of roadway
densities, 12 cycles divided into 6 pairs = balance
VV_^^_VV_^_V_^_V_^^ = 8 oscillations in roadway density in 12 cycles
= 8/12 = 4/6 = 2/3 = .666
666 = great serpent = solar phalanx = solar system (earth, sun, 8 planets etc....)
mean - 48021637 - 7283 for cycles BELOW mean (mean minus lowest density)
467806358 - 48021637 = 419784721 (highest minus
mean density) for cycles ABOVE mean
percent of mean (a)above or (b)below mean
4.52b, 0.11a(50.11), 0.79b, 0.0b, 13.35b, 0.79b, 100.0a, 0.04b, 1.87b,
Numbers above are in percent of highest
density or a'ji numbers
100 - above number(s) gives you the percent lowest density or dan number
98.19, 98.83, 95.48,
49.89, 99.21, 99.99, 86.65, 99.21, 0.01, 99.96, 98.13, 96.17
Highest Cevorkum density / lowest prophetic number 11 =
48021636.9167 / 11 = 4365603.35606
4365603.35606 = 4,365,603 = close to Cevorkum years. Circumference = p × diameter
= p × 2 × radius, or Pi x radius2 + speed
Pi x north star distance x 2 + galactic orbital speed = 4 million
359,047 years circuit or rounded to 4.4 million years
4.4 million is very close to Oahspe's 4.7 million years for the
circuit (Cevorkum) of the solar phalanx around the North Star [Polaris - Hidan Sun].
4,365,603.35606 very close to the
calculated 4,359,047.23109 (see Extrasolar planets, CEVORKUM, Light speed chapter, 2/5 down from top).
/ 4,365,603.35606 = 0.99849823164 percent same.
Highest Cevorkum density / lowest prophetic number = Cosmogony / prophecy
= Cevorkum orbit.
Highest Cevorkum density / lowest prophetic number = Space / Time = Cevorkum orbit.
cycles = 36,000 years. 5 cycles span from highest density to next highest density = 15,000 years = 2.4 oscillations or cycles
per 36,000 years (12 cycles).
This is almost identical to the ratio of 21.6 year average span from highest upspike to
lowest downspike in 50 year periods = 2.31 (50 / 21.6) or 2.38 (50 / 21).
1st highest density to 1st lowest density
= 3 cycles
2nd highest density to 2nd lowest density = 6 cycles
3rd highest density to 3rd lowest density = 5 cycles
4th highest density to 4th lowest density = 7 cycles
Total spans of highest to lowest density, next highest to next
lowest density = 21. Average or mean span between highest and lowest densities, and next highest to next lowest densities
= 21 / 4 = 5.25. 5.25 x 3000 (years) = 15,750. 36,000 / 15,750 = 2.28 (rounded to nearest 2.3). 12 cycles = 36,000 years.
Average or mean 5.25 cycles span from highest density (a'ji) to lowest density (dan), and next highest density to next lowest
density = 15,750 years = 2.3 oscillations per 36,000 years (12 cycles). This is almost identical to the ratio of 21.6 year
average span from highest upspike to lowest downspike in 10 50-year periods = 2.31 (50 / 21.6). There is a pattern (periodicity)
there in the Cevorkum plate 49 densities that matches the climate (heat, cold) cycles of earth. Same (harmony) average or
mean on solar system and galactic scale as the planetary scale.
Oahspe describes faster
than light travel (warp-speed) and relativity of time as compared to time on earth.
was predicted by Joseph Larmor in 1897 for sub-atomic particles (16 years after Oahspe).
on the macroscopic scale was first theorized by Albert Einstein in 1905 (24 years after Oahspe).
in forty days' time, or in such period as would be forty days on the earth", here Oahspe hints
a different time for the space travelers than the time on the earth.
OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti
12. Autevat said: Thy will and Jehovih's be done. And, duly saluting, he and his attendants
withdrew, and, coming to Gat-wawa, ordered an arrow-ship of twenty thousand gauge. In two days it was completed; and, during
the time, Autevat had chosen his attendants. And so he departed, swiftly, like a ray of light, Autevat and his attendants,
for the red star, the earth
Distance, time, and speed, calculation of arrow-ship to earth (2.994
X the speed of light)
OAHSPE: Book of Fragapatti Chapter 1:
1. In Horub,
an etherean world on the borders of the arc of Aza, in the procession of Sayutivi, Cnod and Gorce, a region of light, of ten
thousand earth years, and one hundred vesperes, where reigned Fragapatti, Orian Chief of Obsod and Goomatchala one thousand
3. My Son! My Son! Go to the red star, the earth. She cometh thy way; her coat is red with
4. Fragapatti said: The Father saith: The red star cometh this way; her coat is
red with mortal blood!
6. And then they overhauled the earth's history, these Gods and Goddesses;
measured her course to learn just when she would pass; and they found five years and fifty days would be her dawn of dan,
her time to cross the arc of Aza. And as yet she roamed two hundred years away.
9. Fragapatti said:
Autevat, my son, the All Light fell upon me, saying: My Son, go to the red star, the earth; her coat is red with mortal blood!
Now, by her time, she standeth more than two hundred years beyond the boundaries of Horub. For this, I called thee and thy
attendants. How long will it take thee to go thither and survey the earth and her heavens, and return hither?
10. Autevat, well trained in such matters, said: Of the earth's time, forty days.
Book of Fragapatti Chapter 2:
4. But in forty days' time, or in such period as would be forty days
on the earth, Autevat and his attendants, twenty thousand, with the arrow-ship of fire, returned from the earth and her heavens,
speeding close to Obsod, where the marshals received them, and announced them to the Council.
earth was travelling at a speed of 200 years away from the Arc of Aza, it took only 20 days for the arrow-ship to travel to
the earth from the Arc of Aza.
200 (years) x 365 (days) = 73000 days divided by 20 (days) = 73000
divided by 20 = 3650 x faster than the travel of the solar system.
Our solar system ( Solar =’s, the sun, --, System =’s, the planets, moons, asteroids and comets) revolves
around the galaxy at 885,139 kilometers per second or 550,000 miles per hour, taking 225 million years to make one rotation
around the galaxy.
3650 x 550,000 (mph) (x faster Arrow-ship vs Solar system) = 2007500000
= 2,007,500,000 = 2 Billion mph
2,007,500,000 divided by 60 = 33458333.3333 mpm, 33458333.3333
divided by 60 = 557638.888888 miles per second = 557,638 miles per second, faster than the
speed of light (186,240 miles per second)
557638.888888 (speed of Arrow-ship) divided by 186240
(speed of light) = 2.99419506491 or almost 3 x the speed of Light. (science fiction warp speed).
4. But in forty days' time, or in such period as would be forty days on the earth, Autevat and his attendants,
twenty thousand, with the arrow-ship of fire, returned from the earth and her heavens,
relative, 40 days on earth is not 40 days when traveling faster than c (186,240 mps).
the beginning of the 20th century, time was believed to be independent of motion, progressing at a fixed rate in all reference
frames; however, later experiments revealed that time slows at higher speeds of the reference frame relative to another reference
frame. Such slowing, called time dilation, is explained in special relativity theory. Many experiments have confirmed time
dilation, such as the relativistic decay of muons from cosmic ray showers and the slowing of atomic clocks aboard a Space
Shuttle relative to synchronized Earth-bound inertial clocks. The duration of time can therefore vary according to events
and reference frames.
Clocks on the Space shuttle run slightly slower than reference clocks on
Earth, while clocks on GPS and Galileo satellites run slightly faster. Such time dilation has been repeatedly demonstrated
(see experimental confirmation below), for instance by small disparities in atomic clocks on Earth and in space, even though
both clocks work perfectly (it is not a mechanical malfunction). The laws of nature are such that time itself (i.e. spacetime)
will bend due to differences in either gravity or velocity – each of which affects time in different ways.
The effects would be greater if the astronauts were traveling nearer to the speed of light (approximately
It is only when an object approaches speeds on the order of 30,000 km/s (1/10 the
speed of light) that time dilation becomes important.
Spacetime geometry of velocity time dilation
The green dots and red dots in the animation represent spaceships. The ships of the green fleet
have no velocity relative to each other, so for the clocks on board the individual ships the same amount of time elapses relative
to each other, and they can set up a procedure to maintain a synchronized standard fleet time. The ships of the "red
fleet" are moving with a velocity of 0.866c with respect to the green fleet.
The blue dots
represent pulses of light. One cycle of light-pulses between two green ships takes two seconds of "green time",
one second for each leg.
As seen from the perspective of the reds, the transit time of the light
pulses they exchange among each other is one second of "red time" for each leg. As seen from the perspective of
the greens, the red ships' cycle of exchanging light pulses travels a diagonal path that is two light-seconds long. (As seen
from the green perspective the reds travel 1.73 () light-seconds of distance for every two seconds of green time.
Time dilation by the Lorentz factor was predicted by Joseph Larmor (1897), at least for electrons orbiting
a nucleus. Thus "... individual electrons describe corresponding parts of their orbits in times shorter for the [rest]
system in the ratio :" (Larmor 1897). Time dilation of magnitude corresponding to this (Lorentz) factor has been experimentally
confirmed, as described below.
Time dilation is a physical effect first theorized by Albert Einstein in the 20th century .
One famous result is something physicists call time dilation, which describes how time runs more slowly
for objects moving very rapidly. If you flew on a rocket traveling 90 percent of light-speed, the passage of time for you
would be halved. Your watch would advance only 10 minutes, while more than 20 minutes would pass for an Earthbound observer.
Special relativity, proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905, showed how concepts like speed are all relative:
A moving observer will measure the speed of an object to be different than a stationary observer will. Furthermore, relativity
revealed the concept of time dilation, which says that the faster you go, the more time seems to slow down. Thus, the crew
of a speeding spaceship might perceive their trip to another planet to take two weeks, while people left behind on Earth would
observe their passage taking 20 years.
"If you flew on a rocket traveling 90 percent of light-speed, the passage
of time for you would be halved."
Relative Time dilation equations (calculations):
90% = .4358 time = 17.43 days, for 40 days on earth
2.99 x faster than c / .90
c = 3.322
17.43 days / 3.322 = 5.246 days
Autevat and his attendants,
twenty thousand, and the atomic clocks within the arrow-ship of fire experienced only 5.246 days time relative to earth time
during their travel to the earth from the Arc of Aza, and from the earth back to the Arc of Aza, while on earth the people
experienced 40 days time on their clocks.
At 300 times the speed of light (beyond warp 5 in fictional
Star Trek terms):
300 x c / .90 c = 333.333
17.43 days / 333.333 =
24 hours (day) x 60 (minutes) = 1440 minutes in a day
x .0522 = 75.16 minutes = 1 hour 15 minutes and 9.6 seconds vs 40 days on earth
Special Theory of Relativity, Speed of Light, Physics
formulated by the German-American physicist
and mathematician Albert Einstein (1879-1955) in his Special Theory of Relativity.
At .9 times
the speed of light, the factor becomes 2.294157338705618. Finally, the effects of relativity become significant. What does
this factor mean though? If you were in a spaceship traveling at .9 times the speed of light:
Perhaps the most interesting change is that 1 year to you would seem to be 2.294 years for someone back on Earth.
global positioning system (GPS) data, relativity and time.
In global positioning system (GPS) satellites, the earth-centered locally inertial (ECI) coordinate system is used
for calculations. We cannot use other reference frames, for example, one based on the solar system, in the calculation of
GPS satellites because if the relative velocities in the solar system are used, large periodic orbital deviations of reference
time are calculated.
The causal arrow of time. A cause precedes its effect: the causal event occurs before
the event it affects. Birth, for example, follows a successful conception and not vice versa. Thus causality is intimately
bound up with time's arrow.
An epistemological problem with using causality as an arrow of time
is that, as David Hume maintained, the causal relation per se cannot be perceived; one only perceives sequences of events.
Furthermore it is surprisingly difficult to provide a clear explanation of what the terms "cause" and "effect"
really mean, or to define the events to which they refer. However, it does seem evident that dropping a cup of water is a
cause while the cup subsequently shattering and spilling the water is the effect.
the perception of cause and effect in the dropped cup example is a phenomenon of the thermodynamic arrow of time, a consequence
of the Second law of thermodynamics. Controlling the future, or causing something to happen, creates correlations between
the doer and the effect, and these can only be created as we move forwards in time, not backwards.
Our Solar System’s Serpent
like wave motion through the galaxy, Drawn in 1881, in OAHSPE.
Above (middle picture) is The Path of the Solar Serpent’s Vortex drawn in 1881 by John Ballou Newbrough from OAHSPE plate 36 shows the movement of our solar system through galactic
Our Solar System’s wave like course above and below the Ecliptic plane of our Galaxy.
entire Solar System moves in a vortical trajectory like a snake moving in 3 dimensions instead of a flat plane.
The entire Solar System is moving like a snake above and
below the galactic ecliptic in spiraling helical motions.
At the time Oahspe was typed in 1881 the concept
of our sun orbiting another sun or star was not in accordance with the astronomical knowledge of the period. Even in the early
twentieth century, the prevailing view was that our Sun was the center of not only the Galaxy, but also of the universe.
In a brilliant intellectual leap, Shapley realized that
this 30-kpc-wide distribution of globular clusters maps out the true extent of stars in the Milky Way Galaxy--the region that
we now call the Galactic halo. The hub of this vast collection of matter, about 8 kpc from the Sun, is the Galactic center.
As illustrated in Figure 23.9, we live in the suburbs of this truly huge ensemble of matter, in the Galactic disk (or Galactic
plane)--the thin sheet of young stars, gas, and dust that cuts through the center of the halo.
Shapley's bold interpretation
of the globular clusters as defining the overall distribution of stars in our Galaxy was an enormous step forward in human
understanding of our place in the universe. Five hundred years ago, Earth was considered the center of all things. Copernicus
argued otherwise, demoting our planet to an undistinguished place removed from the center of the solar system. Yet even in the early twentieth century, the prevailing view was that our Sun was the center
of not only the Galaxy, but also of the universe.
Harlow Shapley (November
2, 1885 – October 20, 1972) was an American astronomer.
He is notable for his groundbreaking 1918 work using Cepheid variables to estimate the size of the Milky Way Galaxy and the sun's
position within it.
It wasn't until after 1918 that
scientists were able to know the movement of the Sun around the galaxy. And what they discovered was the sun moves in a sepent or snake like motion
just as Oashpe depicted in 1881.