John Ballou Newbrough the instrument through which OAHSPE was written. "The big differerence from all other psychically inspired books, to my knowledge, is the unique fact that its spiritual authors did not transmit the book through Dr. Newbrough's mind--but controlled his hands and arms, and typed the entire contents of the huge manuscript independent of his consciousness--so that he could not interfere or alter or color its contents...Newbrough was ordered not to read what had been transcribed through manipulation of his hands on an early style typewriter, until the whole manuscript was finished, which required over a year. It must have required unusual discipline for Dr. Newbrough to keep on compiling typed page after typed page, without being tempted to read what was being recorded. For him to have done so would have had an adverse influence on its transmission." - From Harold Sherman who was President of the ESP Research Associates Foundation and a member of the Advisory Board of Belk Psychic Research Foundation.-Page 37 of The Universal Cycle Theory (2011) by Stephen J. Puentz and Glenn Borchardt, PH.D. ..."sadly a new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it." - Above 1979 photograph of studyofoahspe.com author, gifted child, adult scholar, Michael James.- "you have obviously delved into Oahspe in great detail but trying to find people with the intelligence and motivation to do what you have done would be very rare." - Donald B. November 07, 2015 -

Above is the standard model of the solar system (The old Newtonion/Copernican Heliocentric model of our solar system still presented today).
Below is the Oahspe (helical) model of the solar system (dating back to 1881).
hel·i·cal: having the shape or form of a helix; spiral.

Above images show vortex'ya (helical vortex motion) on the macroscopic solar-system scale and on the microscopic sub-atomic particle scale.
Helical vortex motion of the solar system through space, and the helical vortex motion of a charged particle in a magnetic field (combining gravitational and elecromagnetic forces).
-
"you can get helical motion without the particles in it interacting, like in the solar system, but in a vortex the particles interact through drag and friction.”
http://www.universetoday.com/107322/is-the-solar-system-really-a-vortex/
http://www-ssc.igpp.ucla.edu/ssc/tutorial/solwind_interact_magsphere_tutorial.pdf
There is drag of the solar wind on planetary magnetospheres,  the solar wind interacts with the magnetospheres of planets in the solar system.
Solar wind drags out the night-side magnetosphere to possibly 1,000 times Earth's radius; this extension of the magnetosphere is known as the magnetotail. Many other planets in our solar system have magnetospheres of similar, solar wind-influenced shapes.
http://iphone22.arc.nasa.gov/public/iexplore/missions/pages/yss/november2011.html
"The combination of a small electric field and the frictional drag force limits the maximum velocity achievable by a charged particle to non-relativistic values"
This drag force is always opposite to the object's motion, and unlike friction between solid surfaces, the drag force increases as the object moves faster. Air resistance, also known as drag, is a force that is caused by air, the force acts in the opposite direction to an object moving through the air.
Wind drag applied on a particular shape.

Solar Wind vortex:
"Solar wind flows through space with gusting turbulence and swirling vortices"
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151013182731.htm
Does the earth experience friction from solar winds in its orbit?
The solar wind from the Sun does have a very dramatic effect on Earth, or more specifically, on Earth's Magnetosphere. What would normally be an almost spherical globe surrounding our planet is blown and stretched to many times its original width and resembles a foxtail more than a sphere. Momentum from solar radiation is mostly deflected by the magnetosphere, but a small fraction of it is absorbed into the Earth. This outward force actually 'pushes' the Earth into a slightly wider (farther from the Sun) orbit than it would occupy if there were no solar wind.
"frictional interaction with the shocked solar wind in the magnetosheath".

### Physics of the Space Environment - Page 293 - Google Books R

Solar magnetic field

The pattern of spirals, Fibonacci spiral, The "golden spiral", "logarithmic spirals" or Archimedean spiral, is ubiquitous in nature, including nautilus shells, galaxies, and the top of human heads.

OAHSPE says the Sun has a vortex that stretches throughout the solar system. Scientist have some knowledge of the sun's vortex, they call it the "solar wind" or the "solar magnetic field" or the "Heliosphere". Page 229 of the book THE SUN, OUR STAR by Robert W. Noyes says "streams of solar wind ROTATE past the earth like a giant pinwheel." OAHSPE BOOK OF JEHOVIH CH. III:7 says "A great vortex created I for the Sun, The Sun vortex I caused to ROTATE." OAHSPE says the Sun's vortex rotates and SPIRALS. OAHSPE BOOK OF COSMOGONY CH. VI:3 says "by the roads of a COMET do we DISCOVER the SPIRALITY of the CURVE of the Master's vortex [Sun's vortex]." OAHSPE plate 47 GOD'S BOOK OF BEN calls the Sun's vortex the cyclic coil. On page 198 of THE SUN, OUR STAR by Noyes it says "Ludwig Biermann in the early 1950s pointed to EVIDENCE having to do with COMETS which, it was LATER REALIZED, indicated that the Sun's corona in fact was expanding outward." Page 201 says "magnetic fields in the Solar Wind carried out to the Earth thus ROTATES, producing the 'Archimedes spiral' pattern." Page 202 says "This picture of interplanetary magnetic spirals was VERIFIED by the Magnetic Probe (IMP-I) as early as 1963, 82 years after OAHSPE had a picture and description of the magnetic (vortexian) spiral of the Sun's vortex. Page 208 of THE SUN OUR STAR says "we would move away from the Sun into interplanetary space, we would have left the region of the corona where magnetic fields determine it's structure, due to the out flow of Solar Wind, the magnetic field assumes the spiral structure we have already discussed. Following our compass needle outward along the magnetic spiral, we would watch the field become ever weaker until eventually a point was reached far beyond the orbit of pluto, where the edge of the Heliosphere is reached." OAHSPE GOD'S BOOK OF BEN plate 46 and 47 shows the cyclic coil of the Sun extending past Uranus and Neptune. Page 758 of WORLD ALMANAC AND BOOK OF FACTS 1984 says "Neptune, currently the most distant planet from the Sun (until 1999 is farther away than Pluto)." Page 240 of THE UNIVERSE by Asimov "By 1958, rocket experiments had PROVEN the actual existence of this solar wind".

Because the Sun rotates on its axis (once every 27 days) the Sun's magnetic field out among the planets has a spiral shape. Researchers call it "the Parker spiral" after the physicist who first described it in 1957, 76 YEARS AFTER OAHSPE.

Parker spiral

OAHSPE in 1881 has a drawing of the Parker Spiral that was not discovered until the early 1960s. More than 80 years after OAHSPE was typed.

In 1957, when a University of Chicago physicist, Eugene Parker, demonstrated that the solar corona, which has a temperature of two million degrees, cannot be static. The corona is so hot, Parker explained, that its gas is constantly evaporating away from the Sun at supersonic speed. He predicted that there must be a solar wind, with a density of about 10 atoms per cubic centimeter (160 atoms per cubic inch), continuously blowing away from the Sun and passing the Earth at the high speed of several hundred kilometers per second. The theory would also account for the behavior of certain comet tails, which acted as though they were blowing in an electrified wind.

Several early interplanetary space-probes detected the solar wind around 1959-1961. In 1962, Mariner 2 made a detailed survey that showed that the properties of the solar wind agreed with Parker's predictions. Instruments carried on Mariner and other spacecraft also found that the solar wind actually is guided along an interplanetary magnetic field which originates at the Sun. The magnetic field is stretched outward by the flowing wind and warped by the turning of the Sun, so that it has the spiral shape of a gigantic pinwheel.

The boundary at which the solar wind meets the ISM, containing the collective "solar" wind from other local stars in our galaxy, is called the heliopause. This is where the solar wind and the sun's magnetic field stop. The boundary is theorized to be roughly teardrop-shaped, because it gets "blown back" to form a heliotail, as the sun moves through the ISM (toward the right in the diagram above.

Heliosphere. The region in space that extends to the heliopause. The heliosphere is the cavity around the Sun in the local interstellar medium that is produced by the solar wind. The heliosphere contains most of the solar system, but not the most distant comets, such as in the Oort cloud.

The solar wind, discovered by Eugene Parker in 1958, is a flow of lightweight ions and electrons (which together comprise plasma) thrown from the sun. The solar wind inflates a bubble, called the heliosphere, in the surrounding interstellar medium (ISM).

Plate 47 of OAHSPE has a accurate drawing of the heliosphere and Heliopause made in 1881, 77 years before the Solar Wind was discovered.

TOW'-SANG

CYCLIC COIL

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Oahspe Book of Cosmology and Prophecy: Chapter VI:
...the overlapping waves of the sun's vortex,...(1881)
-
MAR 16, 2010
Scientists have identified a sort of double-whammy solar super wave that is responsible for blowing away air from Mars and keeping its atmosphere thin, frigid and downright inhospitable for any possible future travelers.
The waves happen when one stream of solar wind is overrun and amped up by another, faster gale of solar particles.
Edberg and his colleagues identified 41 doubled solar particle waves and solar powerful particle waves ...
When these two winds overlap and create pulses, they are called corotating interaction regions (CIRs).
http://news.discovery.com/space/history-of-space/mars-solar-wind-atmopshere.htm
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Solar System's "Nose" Found; Aimed at Constellation Scorpius
PUBLISHED APRIL 8, 2011
A NASA spacecraft has uncovered the solar system's "nose," which points in the direction our sun is moving through the
Milky Way galaxy, astronomers say.
"The Voyager spacecrafts were the first to reach these outer boundaries, and [they] gave us very localized information,"
said study leader Nathan Schwadron of the University of New Hampshire. (See "Solar System Is 'Bullet Shaped.'")
http://ps-2.kev009.com/ohlandl/Cast_Bullet/Ideal-Lyman_Molds/Lyman_Bullet_Shape.jpg
The study authors are still puzzling out what this—and other IBEX data—tells us about the sun's overall trajectory. But it looks
like the sun may be following a short, wavelike path that takes it above and below the galactic plane a few times during each
orbit around the galaxy's center.
John Ballou Newbrough in 1881 drew a picture of the Solar System's 'Bullet Shaped Nose" 130 years before the Voyager
spacecrafts reached these outer boundaries of the Solar System sending back information about the nose.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Oahspe Book of Cosmogony Ch 1:
33. The earth's vortex is a sub-vortex, existing within the sun's vortex: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and so on, are corporeal worlds, and each and all of them within sub-vortices, and the combination of all these vortices within the sun's vortex are known by the names great serpent, or solar phalanx. For which reason the sun's vortex was called the MASTER VORTEX, or TOW-SANG, by the ancient prophets. (See plate 36, GOD’S BOOK OF BEN)
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Multiple Vortex Tornado Structure
A large and violent tornado/multiple vortex mesocyclone (MVMC) / tornado tracked east and northeastward near El Reno, Oklahoma on 31-May-2013,
A sub-vortex tracking eastward within the larger tornado/MVMC
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00221.1
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A multiple-vortex tornado is a tornado that contains several vortices rotating around, inside of, and as part of the main vortex. These multiple vortices are somewhat similar to eyewall mesovortices found in intense tropical cyclones.
several sub-vortices within the tornado.
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The existence of great spiral galaxies in 1881 were totally unsuspected, but Oahspe plainly indicated them.
Plate 51 form of vortexian currents

Water vortex simulation of spiral and elliptical galaxies .

OAHSPE BOOK OF COSMOGONY IX:1 says "The same force, vortexya, pervadeth the entire universe but different, according to volume, velocity and CONFIGURATION." The billions of stars that make up a galaxy show the form or configuration of the vortexian currents just as iron filings show the shape of the magnetic field of a magnet. With one star or planet you cannot see this but Galaxies give us a chance to see the shape of the vortexian currents found throughout the universe.

Page 134 of THE AMAZING UNIVERSE by Friedman says "whereas individual stars condense or expand as spheres, galaxies come in a variety of shapes. Edwin Hubble, working with the 100 inch telescope at Mount Wilson, largest in the world from 1918 to 1938, established the stellar nature of these systems and studied their FORM AND CONTENT." In 1924 astronomer Edwin P. Hubble classified glaxies according to structural form. Of the 600 glaxies he classified, he found most to be spiral shaped, many to be elliptical, and few to be irregular. Irregular shaped galaxies are misfits that seem to have been disturbed in some way. OAHSPE BOOK OF COSMOGONY III:25 says "Though the general FORM of a vortex in its BEGINNING, is long, funnel-shaped (like a whilwind)[or whirlpool] its ULTIMATE is toward a GLOBULAR FORM. And though the CURRENT of a vortex is SPIRAL, AT FIRST, its CURRENTS ULTIMATE is toward LESS SPIRALITY. From 1918 to 1937, 37 to 57 years AFTER OAHSPE was typed, Edwin Hubble studied the FORM and CONTENT of Galaxies. SPIRAL SHAPED galaxies SPIRAL ARMS are defined by YOUNG BLUE STARS, gas, and dust. ELLIPTICAL (spherical or oval shaped) galaxies are ALMOST DEVOID of the gas and dust that form NEW STARS: only OLD STARS remain. What Astronomer Edwin P. Hubble discovered in 1924 agrees with what OAHSPE said in 1881 in regards to the form and ultimate development of vortexian currents and the form and development of galactic currents and the stars they contain.

Spiral Galaxies young blue stars

Elliptical Galaxies old dying stars
--
New Theory = Vortex star formation
New Theory Shows How ‘Zombie
Vortices’ Play a Role in Star Formation
August 21, 2013

Artist concept of a brown dwarf, spotted by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, surrounded by a spinning protoplanetary disk. UC Berkeley researchers have developed a model that shows how vortices help destabilize the disk so that gas can spiral inward toward a forming star. (Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech)

UC Berkeley researchers have developed a model that shows how vortices help destabilize the disk so that gas can spiral inward toward a forming star.
A new theory from researchers at UC Berkeley explains how “zombie vortices” help lead to the birth of a new star.
Reporting in the journal Physical Review Letters, a team led by computational physicist Philip Marcus shows how variations in gas density lead to instability, which then generates the whirlpool-like vortices needed for stars to form.
The National Science Foundation helped support this research.
http://scitechdaily.com/new-theory-shows-how-zombie-vortices-play-a-role-in-star-formation/
A new theory in 2013 from researchers at UC Berkeley explains how “vortices” lead to the birth of a new star.
In 1881 Oahspe described explained how vortices created stars 122 years before the "new theory" from researchers at UC Berkeley.
OAHSPE BOOK OF JEHOVIH III: 3 SAYS "as thou beholdest the power of the whirlwind gathering up the dust of the earth, and driving it together, know that even so do I bring together the aji and jiay and NEBULAE in the firmament of heaven: by the power of the whirlwind create I the coporeal SUNS, and moons and STARS. CHAPTER IV:2 Says "I cause etherean currents to bring forth aji and jiay, and NEBULAE, prior to MAKING CORPOREAL WORLDS."
--

OAHSPE BOOK OF JEHOVIH III: 3 SAYS "as thou beholdest the power of the whilwind gathering up the dust of the earth, and driving it together, know that even so do I bring together the aji and jiay and NEBULAE in the firmament of heaven: by the power of the whirlwind create I the coporeal SUNS, and moons and STARS. CHAPTER IV:2 Says "I cause etherean currents to bring forth aji and jiay, and NEBULAE, prior to MAKING CORPOREAL WORLDS." ON PAGE 81 of the CONSISE BOOK OF ASTRONOMY by Mitton says "An EXCITING DISCOVERY about the gas CLOUDS of space is that NEW STARS ARE BEING MADE inside them ALL THE TIME. ASTRONOMERS HAVE ACTUALLY SEEN NEW STARS TURN ON INSIDE THE ORION NEBULA. A NEW STAR BEGINS when PARTICLES of GAS and DUST COLLECT TOGETHER into a huge BALL. The PULL OF GRAVITY [Vortex'ya Oahspe] squeezes the ball tighter and tighter, and all the same time it gets hotter and hotter. [OAHSPE BOOK OF JEHOVIH IV:15 "First as vapor the vortex carrieth it forth, and as it condenseth, its friction engendereth heat, and it is molten, becoming as a globe of fire in heaven. The it taketh its place as a new born world, and I set it in the orbit prepared for it] Eventually, the ball is hot enough to start the nuclear reactions, and it then continues to shine of its own accord." Page 82 of CONSISE BOOK OF ASTRONOMY says "The beautiful Orion NEBULA is a BIRTHPLACE OF THE STARS. IN 1978 an ENTIRELY NEW STAR BEGAN TO SWITCH ON IN ORION, thus PROVING that it really is a COSMIC NURSERY." According to astronomers PROOF that stars and planets form from nebula was in 1978 but OAHSPE said the same thing 97 YEARS BEFORE in 1881.

Artist's conception of the birth of a star within a dense molecular cloud. NASA image

Oahspe Book of Cosmology and Prophecy Chapter I:
23. In the beginning of the earth's vortex, the current concentrated certain substances (which will be described hereafter) in the centre thereof, where, by friction, the vortexya manifested in heat, so that when the congregation of materials of the earth's substance were together, they were as a molten mass of fire.
24. And for a long period of time after the fire disappeared, two great lights manifested, one at the north and one at the south.

Compression of a gas causes a rise in temperature of the gas (thermodynamics):

Nebula birthplace of stars

Page 192 of THE AMAZING UNIVERSE by Friedman says "newborn star shines beyond a swirling cloud of organic and inorganic molecules coalescing into a planet. Astronomers have detected such molecules in MANY AREAS of the GALAXY, leading them to speculate that the SAME CHEMICAL PROCESSES THAT LED TO LIFE ON EARTH may have occured elsewhere.*
OAHSPE BOOK OF JEHOVIH VI:5 "JEHOVIH stores the ingredients of which worlds are made...everything in its place...THE substance of the vegetable kingdom...and even so of the substance of the animal kingdom; for HE hath PLACES IN THE FIRMAMENT of heaven for all of them. These that thou sawest are the aji, and the jiay, and the NEBULAE; and AMIDST THEM IN PLACES THERE IS SE'MU ALSO." OAHSPE says of Se'mu "Gelatine, the preceding substance of the living." OAHSPE PLATE 39 says "The Earth in semu. Jehovih saith; in the TIME OF SEMU I brought the EARTH INTO AJI, and JIAY and darkness was upon the face of the earth for the space of 3,000 years; and yet for other 3,000 years half darkness covered all the land and water." OAHSPE says of AJI, SEMI DARK. Less than NEBULA. OAHSPE says of JIAY, PERTAAINING TO NEBULAE, BUT LESS DENSE. Page 82 of CONSISE BOOK OF ASTRONOMY says "DUST CLOUDS AND LIFE. Radio astronomers have discovered that many of the signals from these dust clouds are caused by molecules. The detection of certain radio signals from the clouds tells us which molecules are in the cloluds. All life on Earth is based on the structure of one huge molecule, named DNA. The molecule carries in code form instructions on how to duplicate itself. The molecular assemble line uses simpler components, such as sugar and protein, to build up DNA. These substances can be manufactered from even simpler molecules, IN THE DUST CLOUDS OF SPACE the simplest molecules needed to start the assembly of the complex substances EXIST IN GREAT PROFUSION. PERHAPS THE FIRST LIVING THINGS ON EARTH GREW FROM THESE ELEMENTARY MOLECULES. It is within the densest clouds that new stars and planets are born. When the EARTH first condensed it may have been ENRICHED with LIFE MOLECULES FROM A COSMIC DUST CLOUD."
THE CONSISE BOOK OF ASTRONOMY in 1978 contained information about the relationship of NEBULAE AND DNA with LIFE ON EARTH, but in 1881, 97 years earlier, OAHSPE contained almost the same information about NEBULAE AND SE'MU with LIFE ON EARTH.
*OAHSPE said life on earth DID occur elsewhere in the universe. OAHSPE BOOK OF SAPHAH M'HAK:25 says angels [men] once lived on other corporeal [physical] worlds.

Interstellar clouds and organic molecules

October 11, 2005
Pretty Major News; confirmed:

"A team of NASA exobiology researchers revealed today organic chemicals that play a crucial role in the chemistry of life are common in space.
"Our work shows a class of compounds that is critical to biochemistry is prevalent throughout the universe," said Douglas Hudgins, an astronomer at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif. He is principal author of a study detailing the team's findings that appears in the Oct. 10 issue of the Astrophysical Journal."

organic chemicals and the chemistry of life are common in space
.

-
To the Mayans the star clouds that form the Milky Way were seen as the tree of life where all life came from = nebulous semuan firmament regions of space
The Milky Way:
http://www.authenticmaya.com/maya_astronomy.htm

Compiled and notes by James L. May (with comments by me)
OAHSPE ON EQUIVALENCE OF MASS AND ENERGY
From the book of Sephah, plate 65, Se'moin'
Within the description of Agni, number 72, we find the following:
"Emblem of corporeal dissoltution and of the escape of the potent power within"'. Here we have the statement of the equivalence of mass and energy, or Einstein's  E=MC² from his special theory of relativity. It was in Oahspe (in statement form) long before Einstein formulated his famous equation in 1905. To illustrate what Oahspe refers to as "the potent power within" one kilogram of radium is converted into the equivalence of 400 tons of TNT! The nuclear fission process is done in exactly the same way, but the released energy is even greater.
Oahspe book of Sephah, Se'moin'Within the description of Agni, number 72:
Agni (Panic), fire. Ah'gni (Chine), to burn...Emblem of worlds moldering into dust and of the harvests of souls ascending to heaven. Emblem of corporeal dissolution and of the escape of the potent power within.
...In the days [mid - 20th century] when mortals put words into all things and made them speak [modern electrodynamic speaker], Agni (fire) stood giant over all [tall skyward atomic, thermonuclear fireballs and clouds of the 1940s, 50s, and 60s], till Yote'a (water) bathed his head, when lo, black death (charcoal) breathed forth poisonous [toxic fumes] air. (Vede.)
Here Oahspe in 1881 (19th century) describes the future of the 20th century, E=MC², modern electrodynamic speaker, atomic and thermonuclear fireballs and mushroom clouds, burnt cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and charred bodies (black death).
fire·ball [Agni]
2. A highly luminous, intensely hot spherical cloud of dust, gas, and vapor generated by a nuclear explosion.
2. (Physics / General Physics) the
bright spherical region of hot ionized gas at the centre of a nuclear explosion
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/fireball

Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels.
Full resolution(1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 181 KB, MIME type: image/png)
English:
Nuclear cloud height/yield graph
I cosmetically enhanced to illustrate size of Fat Man/Castle Bravo mushroom clouds.
• 0 = Approximate altitude band commercial aircraft use
• 1 = Fat Man 22.5 kt
• 2 = Castle Bravo 15 Mt
(I would have included Tsar Bomba (Царь-бомба) but the graph only went to 30 MT.)
The above chart shows E=MC² "escape of the potent power within"
"Agni (fire) stood [standing] giant over all" - Oahspe book of Sephah, plate 65, Se'moin' number 72.
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..."In the days when mortals put words into all things and made them speak" - Oahspe book of Sephah, plate 65, Se'moin' number 72.
History and Types of Speakers
Speakers - how it works and history - by the Edison Tech Center
2. The Electrodynamic Loudspeaker (The Modern Speaker)
electrodynamic loudspeaker...the most common type of speaker in the world today.
Why did it take so long to invent the speaker?
It sounds simple, but to build a speaker one needs to have an understanding of electricity, radio, sound waves, mechanics, chemistry and physics. Today an engineer is trained after a few years of college in these areas if they choose. Back in the early part of the 20th century the basic knowledge of math and frequencies was still being explored. While the electromagnet part of the speaker was invented early on in the 1860s, it took 40 more years to develop a knowledge of acoustics and materials. C.W. Rice and E.W. Kellogg finally invented it by solving the final part of the puzzle. The final work was on how to shape the diaphragm and what materials to use. The recent developments in vacuum tubes in the 1910s helped to do sophisticated control of frequencies and power regulation.
C.W. Rice of General Electric and E.W. Kellogg of AT&T worked together in Schenectady, New York to develop the modern speaker and first electric amplification system. They created a working prototype in 1921.
http://www.edisontechcenter.org/speakers.html
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11. Speeding swiftly across the swamps of Ull, where seven corporeal stars were dismembered a thousand million years ago, now set with a'ji'an fields, and forming nebulae;...
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In the book called COSMOS by Carl Sagan copyright 1980, on page 226 Sagan says "somewhere in the galaxy there are stars - perhaps dozens of them - that are the brothers and sisiters of the Sun, formed from the same cloud complex, some 5 billion years ago. Sagan on page 251 says "But as the stars that outline a spiral arm burn out, new stars and their associated nebulae are formed just behind them, and the spiral pattern persists." Oahspe describes this cycle happening over 1 billion years ago, but Oahspe says the stars were dismembered (came to an end) one billion years ago and then formed into nebulae, but Oahspe doesn't say when these corporeal stars were FIRST FORMED. Obviously these stars were first formed LONG BEFORE THEY ENDED over 1 billion years ago.
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Christians in Isaac Newton's day believed that the universe was a few thousand years old — created in six days in nearly its present condition. Cosmic history and human history seemed one and the same. Some clerics, and even Newton himself, made calculations based on their study of Bible passages, and announced an age of about 6000 years (they disagreed on the exact number).
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Geologists in the mid nineteenth century discovered, to their amazement, that time was far deeper. They worked out, for example, how mountain ranges erode and rivers carry the sediments down to the sea. The process is so slow that it must have taken many millions of years to lay down the great layers of shale and sandstone, adding up to kilometers in thickness. Geologists also found several other processes that must have taken millions of years.
-
...by the end of the nineteenth century, all scientists who had studied the evidence were convinced that the age of the Earth must be at least many tens of million of years.
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One way to find the age of the Earth was to look at the source of the Sun's energy. The most energetic chemical reactions known could keep the Sun burning for only a few thousand years. But there was another possible energy source, the conversion of gravitational energy into heat energy as the Sun contracted. A hundred million years' worth of such heat might be possible. By the end of the nineteenth century, scientifically informed people thought that was a plausible age for our entire solar system. Elsewhere in the universe, such systems of stars and planets might be perpetually coalescing from gas clouds and gradually dying away.
-
By the end of the nineteenth century...A hundred million years...scientifically informed people thought that was a plausible age for our entire solar system.
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The discovery of radioactive elements around the start of the twentieth century brought new and startling facts. Laboratory work showed that when an atom of a mineral element like uranium gives off radioactivity, it decays into another element. This starts a regular chain of decay that ends with inert lead. (See the page on radioactive decay in our Marie Curie exhibit). When physicists measured how much of various types of radioactive elements ("isotopes") remained in, say, a lump of lead ore, they could work out when the rock had first formed. The rate of decay for some elements in the chain is very slow, and the measurements showed that some rocks were not just hundreds of millions, but billions of years old. Similar measurements of isotopes in asteroids (rocks fallen from elsewhere in the solar system) also gave ages in billions of years.
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Radioactivity was discovered in 1896 by the French scientist Henri Becquerel, while working on phosphorescent materials.
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Radiometric dating (often called radioactive dating) is a technique used to date materials such as rocks, usually based on a comparison between the observed abundance of a naturally occurring radioactive isotope and its decay products, using known decay rates.[1]
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Radiometric dating has been carried out since 1905 when it was invented by Ernest Rutherford as a method by which one might determine the age of the Earth. In the century since then the techniques have been greatly improved and expanded.[14] Dating can now be performed on samples as small as a nanogram using a mass spectrometer.
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It wasn't until the discovery of radioactive elements and the invention of Radiometric dating in 1905 (24 years AFTER Oahspe was typed) that showed that some rocks were not just hundreds of millions, but billions of years old. Similar measurements of isotopes in asteroids (rocks fallen from elsewhere in the solar system) also gave ages in billions of years.
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Oahspe in 1881 mentioned stars that had formed over a billion years ago, and stars that had died a billion years ago. Oahspe was talking about billions of years for stars in the universe 24 years before scientists had discovered that stars in the universe were billions of years old. The Bible doesn't use the words millions or billions of years old for any formed object in the universe.
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At the time Oahspe was typed in 1881 scientist thought the solar system and stars were tens of millions or hundreds of millions years old, they didn't discover that the solar system and stars were billions of years old until the invention of Radiometric dating in 1905.

Analysis by James May of California
PLATE 40 ANALYSIS

The significance of this plate shows that there are other phalanxes
in proximity of our own, and that they cross the orbit of our own solar
system at the node points shown in the plate. In Newbrough's time,
and until only recently, have any planets been discovered in other
solar systems. Today, there have been numerous planets discovered
orbiting other stars, and this list continues to grow. Such are other
solar systems, just as Oahspe has told us that there are.
Plate 40 SERPENT'S ORBIT
1= Equivalent: 4,700,000; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Other orbits for other phalanxes.
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An extrasolar planet, or exoplanet, is a planet outside the Solar System. A total of 859 such planets (in 676 planetary systems, including 128 multiple planetary systems) have been identified as of January 15, 2013.[5] The Kepler mission has detected over 18,000 additional candidates, including potentially 262 habitable ones.[6][7] In the Milky Way galaxy, it is expected that there are many billions of planets (at least one planet per star, resulting in 100-400 billion exoplanets)[1][2][3][8]
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Almost all of the planets detected so far are within our home galaxy the Milky Way, however there have been a small number of possible detections of extragalactic planets. Astronomers at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) reported in January 2013, that "at least 17 billion" Earth-sized exoplanets are estimated to reside in the Milky Way Galaxy.[10]
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On 21 April 1992,[34] radio astronomers Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail announced the discovery of two planets orbiting the pulsar PSR 1257+12.[11] This discovery was confirmed, and is generally considered to be the first definitive detection of exoplanets. In 1992 was when man first discovered planets orbiting a star in another solar system, the first discovery of a planet outside our solar system. This discovery VERIFIED and CONFIRMED Oahspe, and was made 111 years AFTER Oahspe was typed.
HR8799 (center blob) with HR 8799e (right), HR 8799d (lower right), HR 8799c (upper right), HR 8799b (upper left) from W. M. Keck

Artist's view gives an impression of how commonly planets revolve around the stars in the Milky Way Galaxy.[4]
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"There is a wealth of gems in Oahspe, just waiting to be discovered. I cease to
be amazed with this book, ever since I discovered it in 1947 while in the service." - James May 7/7/2010.
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Oahspe Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy Chapter 5: 21. By reversing these measurements, find the axial decrease of the earth in seventy-eight thousand years, which will be just one hundred minutes, or 3-340ths of a second annually, which is the earth's decline in speed. For which reason the first race of humans on earth began about seventy-eight thousand years B.K (Before Kosmon that would be rounded off to aprox. 80,000 years ago).  This is refering to Homo sapiens {i.e. Cro-magnon man}, not pre-humans {like homo habilis or erectus} who were not yet true humans - Martha Helene Jones. Present day archeology puts the date for the appearance of fully modern man, homo sapiens sapiens at about 85 to 90,000 years ago, very close to Oahspe's rounded off date of 80,000 yeas ago, see sources below;
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The real purpose and benefit for explosives is not to kill people like in World Wars I and II, but to control the elements, causing rains to fall and prevent and overcome regions of drought.
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OAHSPE BOOK OF COSMOGONY AND PROPHECY chapter VIII:
13. It is not sufficient for man to know how to prophesy; but to learn how to overcome the elements of his surroundings. As previously set forth, there are regions of drought on the earth, which man must learn to overcome, by causing rains to fall. He shall provide explosive gases high up in the air, which shall break the wind currents, establishing vortices from the upper regions downward.

From the book THE ELEMENTS RAGE by Lane on page 58 it says "One ingenious INVENTOR (during the first World War) claimed that shells fired VERTICALLY in rapid succession would produce a vortex and start the tornadic process. Tornadoes occurred in the second World War as a result of fire-bombing. The rain of HIGH EXPLOSIVES  and incendiaries, and the fires they started, turned sultrines into violent heat. The resultant fire storm burnt out eight square miles of the city. In typical tornado fashion, the funnels twisted large trees out of the ground and tossed them as giant torches into the air. OAHSPE BOOK OF COSMOGONY AND PROPHECY chapter VIII:13 says "He shall provide EXPLOSIVE gases high up in the air, which shall break the wind currents, establishig VORTICES FROM THE UPPER REGIONS DOWNWARD [like a tornado funnel descending from the clouds to the ground]." Lane says on page 59 of his book "A tornado also formed after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and was strong enough to uproot trees.  OAHSPE in 1881 stated that man made explosives high up in the air would produce vortices [like a tornado], 30 YEARS LATER this was confirmed during World War 1.
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Scientists Find Mega-Oil Field ... 1,300 Light Years Away
06 December 2012
Have our wishes been answered? Scientists have found an oil field which contains 200 times more hydrocarbons than there is water on the whole of the Earth.
Time to wave peak oil goodbye forever … but before you do I should probably inform you of the tiny hiccup in any plan to develop this oil field.
It is around 1,300 light years away.
The scientists work at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, and using the 30m-telescope of the Institute for Radio Astronomy they discovered a vast cloud of hydrocarbons within the Horse Head Nebula galaxy in the Orion constellation. Upon discovery of the cloud IRAM astronomer Viviana Guzman declared that, “the nebula contains 200 times more hydrocarbons than the total amount of water on Earth!”

Just for those of you curious as to exactly how many barrels of oil that roughly equates to, here you go: one hundred and fifty-five quintillion, two hundred and thirty-eight quadrillion, ninety-five trillion, two hundred and thirty-eight billion, ninety-five million, two hundred and fifty thousand, or 155,238,095,238,095,250,000 barrels.

Now like me you might be wondering how oil, which is supposedly produced from organic matter buried millions of years ago, could possibly exist in space. Well it turns out that these hydrocarbons were likely created by the fragmentation of giant carbonaceous molecules called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are produced during the death of a star. There is even a theory that molecules such as these could have served as the first organic compounds for creating life.
By. James Burgess of Oilprice.com

WEIRD: Scientists Find Biggest Oil Field Ever, 1,300 Light Years Away.
Upon discovery of the cloud IRAM astronomer Viviana Guzman declared that, "The nebula contains 200 times more hydrocarbons than the total amount of water on Earth!"

Therefore the number of barrels that can be filled with that much oil is one hundred and fifty-five quintillion, two hundred and thirty-eight quadrillion, ninety-five trillion, two hundred and thirty-eight billion, ninety-five million, two hundred and fifty thousand, or 155,238,095,238,095,250,000 barrels. So with the cost of a barrel of oil costing something like $88USD I guess you can calculate how much it's worth. Oh Oh Oh, I have a question. How is there oil in space if oil is formed by millions of years of organic matter buried underground? Well the hydrocarbons were likely created by the fragmentation of giant carbonaceous molecules called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are produced during the death of a star. Oahspe Book of Jehovih: Chapter VI: 5. Behold, O man! As a farmer soweth corn in one place, and wheat in another, and roots in another, and flax--everything in a separate place; even so doth Jehovih store the ingredients of which worlds are made--everything in its place--the substance of the iron in one place, the substance of the stones in another, the substance of the vegetable kingdom in another, and even so of the substance of the animal kingdom; and the oils and sand; for He hath places in the firmament of heaven for all of them. These that thou sawest are the a'ji and the ji'ay and the nebulæ; and amidst them in places there is se'mu also. Let no man say: Yonder is hydrogen only, and yonder oxygen only. The divisions of the substances of His creations are not as man would make them. All the elements are to be found not only in places near at hand, but in distant places also. - Oahspe had knowledge of oil in the firmament of heaven (nebula) 131 years before it was discovered by scientists. - Oahspe Book of Cosmology and Prophecy: Chapter IX: 2. As previously shown, colors are not substances or things in fact, but records of currents of vortexya, and are in proportion to their deviation from linear to adverse parallelism. These fall under the divisor, or multiple, 3 (primaries), yellow, blue and red, corresponding to the times, 11, 33, 99, and so on. "the times, 11" Yellow or Golden = 11 = Sun = 11 year solar cycle = sunspot cycle - Solar Cycle Prediction ... kb pdf-file), (62 kb text file) show that the number of sunspots visible on the sun waxes and wanes with an approximate 11-year cycle http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/SunspotCycle.shtml - Radiometers carried on satellites from the 1970s to the 2000s[10] has shown that solar irradiance varies systematically over the 11-year sunspot cycle, both in total irradiance and in the relative components of the irradiance (UV Light ratios to Visible Light Ratios). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cycle - Oahspe calls the earth the red star OAHSPE BOOK OF LIKA CHAPTERS 1 AND 2: Behold the red star, the earth. Then they pointed, surmising by the red-like color and tedious motion, which of them was the earth, one of the small gems that Jehovih had placed in the measureless firmament http://oahspestandardedition.com/OSE_26.html - Book of Es, Daughter of Jehova: Chapter III 17. Then upward, outward, rose the airavagna, the ship of fire, whose photosphere, as to size, was like a world; rose up higher and higher, heading for the far-off red star, that coursed in the serpent's coil, a million and a half miles a day. 18. Two thousand million miles off [2 billion miles away], lay the red star, the earth, seen by the magnifying instruments of the Gods, seen in its little orbit round the sun, of half a thousand million miles. - As you pass the moon – about 380,000 kilometers away – or a quarter million miles – Earth looks like a bright ball in space – not very different from the way the moon looks to us. Speeding outward, you pass the orbits of the planets Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. From all of these worlds, Earth looks like a star – which gets fainter as you get farther away. http://earthsky.org/space/in-space-how-far-away-can-you-see-earth Red stars are the coldest stars. Blue stars are the hottest stars. White stars are the second most hottest stars. Yellow stars come next. Orange stars come next. 1. Blue stars hottest spectral temperature (molten globe of fire) 2. White stars 2nd hottest spectral temperature 3. Yellow stars 3rd hottest 4. Orange stars 4th hottest 5. Red stars coldest spectral temperature - Observations of cosmic objects’ spectra TEMPERATURE: The shape of a star’s spectrum reveals its temperature. Spectra that peak near the blue end of the scale indicate young stars that burn hot. Spectra that peak closer to the red end of the scale indicate stars with cooler temperatures. http://hubblesite.org/laserart/spectra.php - Cool stars (i.e., Spectral Type K and M) radiate most of their energy in the red and infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum and thus appear red, while hot stars (i.e., Spectral Type O and B) emit mostly at blue and ultra-violet wavelengths, making them appear blue or white. http://docs.kde.org/stable/en/kdeedu/kstars/ai-colorandtemp.html The earth being called the red star in Oahspe refers to it's spectral temperature (Optical spectra of cool red star). The earth has cooled down form its hottest days as a molten globe of fire. - Oahspe - Book of Jehovih: Chapter IV: (Optical spectra: hot young blue star age) 14. Open thy eyes, O man ! There is a time of childhood, a time of genesis, a time of old age, and a time of death to all men. Even so is it with all the corporeal worlds I have created. 15. First as vapor the vortex carrieth it forth, and as it condenseth, its friction engendereth heat, and it is molten, becoming as a globe of fire in heaven. Then it taketh its place as a new born world, and I set it in the orbit prepared for it. - Oahspe - Book of Jehovih: Chapter IV: (Optical spectra: cool old red star age) 16. In the next age I bring it into se'mu, for it is ripe for the bringing forth of living creatures; and I bestow the vegetable and animal kingdoms. 17. Next it entereth ho'tu, for it is past the age of begetting, even as the living who are in dotage. Next it entereth a'du, and nothing can generate upon it. Then cometh uz, and it is spirited away into unseen realms. Thus create I, and thus dissipate planets, suns, moons and stars. - The Earth is in the cool old red star age. - From deep space, far beyond the moon (beyond atmospherea), in etherea, the earth appears (optical spectra) as a cool red star with a telescope (magnifying instrument) and spectrascope (spectrometer). The earth's spectral appearance from deep space is a red star, just as Oahspe called it in 1881. galaxies...Optical spectra of ellipticals showed that their light is dominated by cool red stars whose UV output is negligible. Such stars are very old, and the absence of young blue stars indicated that ellipticals had a quiescent stellar population dating back about 10 billion years. In contrast, star formation in spiral galaxies (including the Milky Way) and irregular galaxies, continues quite vigorously to this day. - SPIRAL SHAPED galaxies SPIRAL ARMS are defined by YOUNG BLUE STARS, gas, and dust. ELLIPTICAL (spherical or globular shaped) galaxies are ALMOST DEVOID of the gas and dust that form NEW STARS: only OLD STARS remain. Source: Page 134 of THE AMAZING UNIVERSE by Friedman - Young blue stars = molten globe of fire age Old red stars = cool age of corporeal world - Color Frequency Wavelength violet 668–789 THz 380–450 nm blue 606–668 THz 450–495 nm (young hot star) green 526–606 THz 495–570 nm yellow 508–526 THz 570–590 nm orange 484–508 THz 590–620 nm red 400–484 THz 620–750 nm (old cool star) - Colors that can be produced by visible light of a narrow band of wavelengths (monochromatic light) are called pure spectral colors. The various color ranges indicated in the diagram above are an approximation: the spectrum is continuous, with no clear boundaries between one color and the next.[10] Higher the Compression = Higher atomic mass = higher frequency = shorter wavelength = more power = more energy = more vortexya - blue 606–668 THz 450–495 nm (Higher compression = higher frequency = shorter wavelenth = more heat) = primary age of vortex = spiral vortex red 400–484 THz 620–750 nm (lower compression = lower frequency = longer wavelenth = less heat) = secondary + age of vortex = elliptical vortex - Higher frequency = faster rotation = more heat, hotter lower frequency = slower rotation = less heat, cooler - Global cooling, not global warming The earth is cooling down = slower rotation = less heat Scientist have discovered from the structure of fossil corals that at the period of the start of animal life on earth the year then had about 400 days, each of about 22 hours, from this, the length of the day has crept up to the present 24 hours. In 1881 OAHSPE's BOOK OF COSMOGONY V:17 stated "at...the time of quickining animal life...the earth made its daily revolution in what would be twentyone hours and forty minutes." Earth = red star = spectral temperature = axial motion = rotational speed Loss of rotational speed = loss of heat = global cooling Global cooling = climate change Oahspe Book of Cosmology and Prophecy V: 17...Wherein we perceive three hours and seventeen minutes' loss in axial motion produced a loss of two and a half degrees of vortexian heat. - With the average emissivity set to unity, the effective temperature of the Earth is: $T_{\rm E} = 254.356\ \mathrm{K}$ or −18.8 °C. This is the temperature of the Earth if it radiated as a perfect black body in the infrared, ignoring greenhouse effects (which can raise the surface temperature of a body above what it would be if it were a perfect black body in all spectrums, with an albedo of zero[43]), and assuming an unchanging albedo. The Earth in fact radiates not quite as a perfect black body in the infrared which will raise the estimated temperature a few degrees above the effective temperature. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-body_radiation Rearrangement yields for the temperature of the Earth: (7.11) Substituting numerical values we obtain TE = 255 K. This seems a bit chilly if TE is viewed as representing the surface temperature of the Earth. Instead we should view it as an effective temperature for the (Earth + atmosphere) system as would be detected by an observer in space. http://acmg.seas.harvard.edu/people/faculty/djj/book/bookchap7.html "255 K. This seems a bit chilly " = cold red star http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visible_spectrum Spectral colors Color Frequency Wavelength violet 668–789 THz 380–450 nm blue 606–668 THz 450–495 nm (young hot star) green 526–606 THz 495–570 nm yellow 508–526 THz 570–590 nm orange 484–508 THz 590–620 nm red 400–484 THz 620–750 nm (old cool star) "red-edge" spectral surface feature biomarker of Earth = around 750 nm [red wavelengh] In addition to atmospheric biomarkers Earth has one very strong and very intriguing biomarker on its surface: vegetation. The reflection spectrum of photosynthetic vegetation has a dramatic sudden rise in albedo around 750 nm [red wavelengh] by a factor of five or more. This "red-edge" feature is caused both by strong chlorophyll absorption to the blue of 700 nm and a high reflectance due to plant cell structure to the red of 700 nm. If plants did not have this window of strong reflection (and transmission), they would become too warm and their chlorophyll would degrade. On Earth, this red-edge signature is probably reduced to a few percent [26,27] due largely to cloud cover and noncontinuous vegetation cover across the planet. Such a spectral surface feature... http://arxiv.org/ftp/astro-ph/papers/0305/0305337.pdf Blue Marble composite images generated by NASA in 2001 (left) and 2002 (right). ------------------------------------------------------ Blue Marble photograph (of Earth) was taken about 5 hours and 6 minutes after launch of the Apollo 17 mission,[3] and about 1 hour 54 minutes after the spacecraft left its parking orbit around the Earth, to begin its trajectory to the Moon. The time of Apollo 17's launch, 12:33 a.m. EST, meant that Africa was in daylight during the early hours of the spacecraft's flight. With the December solstice approaching, Antarctica was also illuminated. - Visually the Earth appears as a Blue Planet from within the Earth's atmsophere and within the orbit of the moon, pass the orbits of the planets Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, the Earth looks like a star – which gets fainter as you get farther away. Visually from deep space from the distance of the other planets in the solae system the Earth appears like a white star like the other stars and planets in the sky. But spectrally (with the use of a spectroscope which can do what the naked eye can't ) the earth appears as a red star, just as Oahspe called it in 1881. Although the other planets in our solar system looks like a white star in the sky to the naked eye, it is the vegetation of earth that gives it a "red-edge" spectral surface feature biomarker around 750 nm [red wavelengh] that the other planets in the solar system don't have. With vegetation comes water, and with water and vegetation comes animal life that eats the vegetation and the animals that eat other animals. This "red-edge" spectral biomarker is important for finding extrasolar planets with life on them(including human life). Other planets that are not in their blue-white hot young age and that also do not have vegetation would show other spectral colors such as green, yellow, orange or a mixture of these colors. This "red-edge" spectral surface feature biomarker around 750 nm [red wavelengh] is what the Ethereans see when looking at the Earth from outside our solar system. Knowing what the optical spectra of Earth is from outside our solar system will help scientists in their search for extrasolar Earth-like planets. - ...one way to obtain an unresolved spectrum of the Earth would be observing it from a distant spacecraft... Is "blue" the correct description of Earth's optical broadband color (as in "pale blue dot")? Why? Detecting the Vegetation Red Edge (PHY 517) PHY 517 / AST 443: Observational Techniques. Astronomical concepts: Coordinates, time, telescopes. Photon detectors; spectrographs. - OAHSPE BOOK OF LIKA CHAPTERS 1 AND 2: Behold the red star, the earth. Then they pointed, surmising by the red-like color and tedious motion, which of them was the earth, one of the small gems that Jehovih had placed in the measureless firmament. http://oahspestandardedition.com/OSE_26.html Book of Es, Daughter of Jehova: Chapter III 17. Then upward, outward, rose the airavagna, the ship of fire, whose photosphere, as to size, was like a world; rose up higher and higher, heading for the far-off red star, that coursed in the serpent's coil, a million and a half miles a day. 18. Two thousand million miles off [2 billion miles away], lay the red star, the earth, seen by the magnifying instruments of the Gods, seen in its little orbit round the sun, of half a thousand million miles.[here Oahspe describes far advanced men viewing the earth from a distance of 2 billion miles away using a telescope and probably a spectrograph to see the red-star. - "Vegetation's Red Edge: A Possible Spectroscopic Biosignature of Extraterrestrial Plants". Astrobiology 5 (3): 372–390. ^ Seager, S.; Turner, E.L.; Schafer, J.; Ford, E.B. (2005). arXiv:astro-ph/0503302. Bibcode:2005AsBio...5..372S. doi:10.1089/ast.2005.5.372. PMID 15941381 -- This red-color (spectral) knowledge of the earth was not obtained untill we sent space probes into deep space with spectrometers onboard. The experimental PUMA-1 and PUMA-2 – the first mass spectrometers to be flown in space – back in 1981-1984 for the two Russian VeGa-1 and VeGa-2 missions to Halley’s Comet. Google "Spectrometry and robotics for space exploration" - Boston - Nov 01, 2002 Now that the discovery of extrasolar planets, or planets around distant stars, has become relatively routine, scientists are now tackling the next step: finding life-bearing worlds. To do this, observers must know what signs to look for in the feeble light from these faraway planets. Astronomers at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), in collaboration with researchers at the University of Arizona's Steward Observatory, have identified key signatures of life by studying Earthshine... They found clear signs of water and an oxygen atmosphere, as well as tentative signs of plant life. Their findings give a clear indication of what "fingerprints" to search for when seeking life on Earth-like worlds orbiting distant stars. To replicate the view that a distant astronomer would have if studying the Earth from another planet, Traub and his colleagues used the nearby Moon as a mirror. Using the Steward Observatory 90-inch telescope at Kitt Peak, Arizona, they measured both the light of Earthshine from the Moon and the light of the Moon itself, then corrected the Earthshine to determine how the Earth would appear to a faraway observer. They compared this measured spectrum to a model created by Traub and CfA's Ken Jucks. The team found that Earthlight shows strong evidence for water - a necessary ingredient for life as we know it - and for molecular oxygen, which must be continually replenished by the processes of life to remain in the atmosphere. They also found features that suggested the presence of chlorophyll, indicating the existence of land plants. The latter showed up as bright reflections in the far-red region of the visible spectrum. This "red edge" is a well-known signature of chlorophyll, which appears green to us only because our eyes aren't very sensitive at the red end of the visible spectrum. The team also suggests that changes for finding life-bearing worlds are improved because the signatures can develop early in a planet's history and last for a long time. Our home planet has maintained an oxygen atmosphere for the past two billion years, and has shown a "red edge" since the first land plants evolved 500 million years ago. "If someone out there is watching our solar system," Traub points out, "they could have detected plant life here long before any intelligent life appeared." These measurements complement those made by the Galileo spacecraft during a 1990 fly-by of Earth. As reported in the October 21, 1993 issue of Nature, instruments aboard the spacecraft also found evidence of gaseous oxygen and land plants. However, the Galileo measurements were made while it was close to the Earth and show conditions only in limited areas of the planet's surface. Studying Earthlight, on the other hand, yields a spectrum integrated over the entire visible surface of the planet, which matches the view that would be available to a distant astronomer in another star system. http://www.spacedaily.com/news/life-02zw.html It was in 2002 that scientists determined how the Earth would appear to a distant astronomer in another star system, bright reflections in the far-red region of the visible spectrum is what they found. Oahspe had this same knowledge 121 years BEFORE in 1881, and referred to the earth as the red star. -- It is only over the last 40 years that we have had the ability to lift telescopes (and spectrographs!) above the atmosphere, which has been akin to opening entirely new windows on the Universe. Here we highlight some of the many space missions that have had (or will have) spectroscopy as a primary activity.... The first space mission (described on the above website) that had spectroscopy as a primary mission was the third Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, nicknamed Copernicus, was a high-resolution spectrograph launched in 1972 [about 40 years ago and 91 years after Oahspe was typed]. The Voyager space probes launched in 1977 have spectrometers on board. As of April 2013, Voyager 1 is the farthest manmade object that has ever been sent from the Earth. On 15 June 2012, scientists at NASA reported that Voyager 1 might be very close to entering interstellar space and becoming the first manmade object to leave the Solar System.[1][2], The Bible does not refer to the Earth as a red planet or red star. The earth as a red star is the cosmic (Kosmon) view of the Earth, the view from the higher heavens (Etherea) beyond the atmosphere (vortex-magnetosphere) of the earth and far beyond the orbit of the moon. This is the viewpoint that Oahspe was written from (from the higher heavens looking down). ------------------------ Oahspe only shows 8 planets out to Uranus, and Neptune. Oahspe does not show a planet beyond Neptune in our solar system. - Following the discovery of the planet Neptune in 1846, there was considerable speculation that another planet might exist beyond its orbit. The search began in the mid-19th century and culminated at the start of the 20th with Percival Lowell's quest for Planet X. Clyde Tombaugh's discovery of Pluto in 1930 appeared to validate Lowell's hypothesis, and Pluto was officially considered the ninth planet until 2006. ... in 2006 the International Astronomical Union reclassified Pluto and its largest neighbours as dwarf planets, leaving only eight planets in the Solar System.[4] Today, the astronomical community widely agrees that Planet X, as originally envisioned, does not exist,... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planets_beyond_Neptune No Planet X, No Nibiru: Scientific rejection Astronomers reject the idea of Nibiru, and have made efforts to inform the public that there is no threat to Earth.[30] They point out that such an object so close to Earth would be easily visible to the naked eye. A planet such as Nibiru would create noticeable effects in the orbits of the outer planets.[31] Some counter this by claiming that the object has been concealed behind the Sun for several years, though this would be geometrically impossible.[20] Most photographs showing "Nibiru" by the Sun are in fact of lens flares, false images of the Sun created by reflections within the lens.[32] Astronomer Mike Brown notes that if this object's orbit were as described, it would only have lasted in the Solar System for a million years or so before Jupiter expelled it, and that there is no way another object's magnetic field could have such an effect on Earth.[33] Lieder's assertions that the approach of Nibiru would cause the Earth's rotation to stop or its axis to shift violate the laws of physics. In his rebuttal of Immanuel Velikovsky's Worlds in Collision, which made the same claim that the Earth's rotation could be stopped and then restarted, Carl Sagan noted that, "the energy required to brake the Earth is not enough to melt it, although it would result in a noticeable increase in temperature: The oceans would [be] raised to the boiling point of water ... [Also,] how does the Earth get started up again, rotating at approximately the same rate of spin? The Earth cannot do it by itself, because of the law of the conservation of angular momentum."[34] In a 2009 interview with the Discovery Channel, Mike Brown noted that, while it is not impossible that the Sun has a distant planetary companion, such an object would have to be lying very far from the observed regions of the Solar System to have no detectable gravitational effect on the other planets. A Mars-sized object could lie undetected at 300 AU (10 times the distance of Neptune); a Jupiter-sized object at 30,000 AU. To travel 1000 AU in two years, an object would need to be moving at 2400 km/s – faster than the galactic escape velocity. At that speed, any object would be shot out of the Solar System, and then out of the Milky Way galaxy into intergalactic space.[35] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nibiru_cataclysm ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ NASA Science News for August 26, 2014 Evidence for Supernovas Near Earth A NASA sounding rocket has confirmed that the solar system is inside an ancient supernova remnant. Life on Earth survived despite the nearby blasts. FULL STORY: It seems obvious that you wouldn't want a supernova exploding near Earth. Yet there is growing evidence that one did—actually, more than one. About 10 million years ago, a nearby cluster of supernovas went off like popcorn. We know because the explosions blew an enormous bubble in the interstellar medium, and we're inside it. Astronomers call it "the Local Bubble." It is peanut-shaped, about 300 light years long, and filled with almost nothing. Gas inside the bubble is very thin (0.001 atoms per cubic centimeter) and very hot (roughly a million degrees)—a sharp departure from ordinary interstellar material. http://phys.org/news/2014-08-evidence-supernovas-earth.html "very thin (0.001 atoms per cubic centimeter) and very hot" = ji'ay'an swamps of exploded worlds OAHSPE: Book of Aph CHAPTER II: 9..."the ji'ay'an swamps of exploded worlds, boiling in the roar of elements, where wise angels and Gods explore to find the mystery of My handiwork." = hot diffuse nebulae after supernova explosion. [Oahspe describes how hot these supernova remnant are by using the word boiling.] Google boiling definition: noun 1. the action of bringing a liquid to the temperature at which it bubbles and turns to vapor Rhenium, Boiling point = 10,110°F (5,597°C) Oahspe Book of Lika, Son of Jehovih: Chapter I 1. IN the far-off etherean worlds spake the Voice of Jehovih, saying: Lika, Lika, My Son! Behold the red star, the earth. She cometh thy way; she mergeth dark and soiled from the forests of ji'ay, in the swamps of Bonassah. She will cross thy etherean fields, the Takuspe, and Opel, and Wedojain, dripping with the odor and dross of the ji'ay'an swamps. Above verses from Oahspe stated in 1881 that supernova explosions happend close to the earth, close enough for her to be "dripping with the odor and dross of the ji'ay'an swamps", close enough to pass through "the ji'ay'an swamps of exploded worlds" or a supernova remnant. ji'ay'an swamp (from exploded worlds) = supernova remnant - Oahspe said in 1881 that remnants of exploded worlds ...where wise angels and Gods explore to find the mystery of My handiwork... So why do we study supernova remnants? What can possibly be learned by studying the remains of an explosion that has already happened? By studying present supernova remnants, we can understand how our local region of space got to be like it is. As I've mentioned above, all "heavy" elements in the universe are made either in stars or in supernova explosions. "Heavy," when referred to by astronomers, means anything heavier than hydrogen or helium. The interaction of the shock wave with interstellar dust is also of interest. Dust is important in many areas of astrophysics. It is required to form planetary systems and star-forming regions, and its attenuation and extinction effects on starlight can be measured, giving us an idea of how much dust is in the universe. Studying supernova remnants in the infrared (which is how dust grains radiate) can also give us an idea of the amount of dust present. http://www4.ncsu.edu/~bjwilli2/snrintro.html Studying supernovae and their remnants is crucial for understanding the evolution of our Galaxy, the Milky Way. http://www.astro.ufl.edu/~oyk100/SNRs/intro.html Scientist theorized that STARS came from nebula (Nebular hypothesis Pierre-Simon Laplace) as far back as 1796 and 1734 (Emanuel Swedenborg) but did not know that NEBULA was created by a supernova until 1921. But 40 years BEFORE (1921) Oahspe used the words "ji'ay'an swamps of exploded worlds". In Oahpse Ji'ay refers to Nebula. Exploded worlds refer to supernova. Here Oahspe plainy indicated in 1881 that Nebula (Ji'ay) was from (of) supernova (exploded worlds) 40 years before man found this out. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebular_hypothesis "nebula was created by a supernova, dates to 1921" Modern understanding that the Crab nebula was created by a supernova, dates to 1921, when Carl Otto Lampland announced he had seen changes in the structure of the Crab Nebula.[3] This eventually lead to the nebula being linked to a bright supernova seen in 1054 A.D. by the 1940s.[4] The creation of the Crab Nebula corresponds to the bright SN 1054 supernova recorded by Chinese astronomers in AD 1054.[5] The Crab Nebula was first identified in 1731 by John Bevis. The nebula was independently rediscovered in 1758 by Charles Messier as he was observing a bright comet. Messier catalogued it as the first entry in his catalogue of comet-like objects [M1]; in 1757, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crab_Nebula Messier 1 Supernova Remnant M1 (NGC 1952) in Taurus Crab Nebula The Crab Nebula, Messier 1 (M1, NGC 1952), is the most famous and conspicuous known supernova remnant, the expanding cloud of gas created in the explosion of a star as supernova which was observed in the year 1054 AD. - Although Messier's catalog was primarily compiled for preventing confusion of these objects with comets, M1 was again confused with comet Halley on the occasion of that comet's second predicted return in 1835. This nebula was christened the "Crab Nebula" on the ground of a drawing made by Lord Rosse about 1844. Of the early observers, Messier, Bode and William Herschel correctly remarked that this nebula is not resolvable into stars, but William Herschel thought that it was a stellar system which should be resolvable by larger telescopes. John Herschel and Lord Rosse erroneously thought it is "barely resolvable" into stars. They and others, including Lassell in the 1850s, apparently mistook filamentary structures as indication for resolvability. Early spectroscopic observations, e.g. by Winlock, revealed the gaseous nature of this object in the later 19th century. The first photo of M1 was obtained in 1892 with a 20-inch telescope. First serious investigations of its spectrum were performed in 1913-15 by Vesto M. Slipher (Slipher 1915, 1916): He found that the spectral emission lines were split. It was later recognised that the true reason for this is Doppler shift, as parts of the nebula are approaching us (thus their lines are blue-shifted) and others receding from us (lines red-shifted). In 1919, Roscoe Frank Sanford (Sanford 1919) found that the spectrum consists of two major contributions: First, a reddish component which forms a chaotic web of bright filaments, which has an emission line spectrum (including hydrogen lines) like that of diffuse gaseous (or planetary) nebulae, and second a strong blueish diffuse background which has a continuous spectrum. Heber D. Curtis, in his description of this object based on Lick Observatory photographs, tentatively classified it as a planetary nebula (Curtis 1918), a view which was disproved only in 1933; this mis-classification can still be found in some much newer handbooks. In 1921, C.O. Lampland of Lowell Observatory, when comparing excellent photographs of the nebula obtained with their 42-inch reflector, found notable motions and changes, also in brightness, of individual components of the nebula, including dramatic changes of some patches near the central pair of stars (Lampland 1921). The same year, J.C. Duncan of Mt. Wilson Observatory compared photographic plates taken 11.5 years apart, and found that the Crab Nebula was expanding at an average of about 0.2" per year; backtracing of this motion showed that this expansion must have begun about 900 years ago (Duncan 1921). Also the same year, Knut Lundmark noted the proximity of the nebula to the 1054 supernova (Lundmark 1921). In 1942, based on investigations with the 100-inch Hooker telescope on Mt. Wilson, Walter Baade computed a more accurate figure of 760 years age from the expansion, which yields a starting date around 1180 (Baade 1942); later investigations improved this value to about 1140. The actual 1054 occurrance of the supernova shows that the expansion must have been accelerated. The nebula consists of the material ejected in the supernova explosion, which has been spread over a volume approximately 10 light years in diameter, and is still expanding at the very high velocity of about 1,800 km/sec. The notion of gaseous filaments and a continuum background was photographically confirmed by Walter Baade and Rudolph Minkowski in 1930: The filaments are apparently the remnants from the former outer layers of the former star (the "pre-supernova" or supernova "progenitor"), while the inner, blueish nebula emits continuous light consisting of highly polarised so-called synchrotron radiation, which is emitted by high-energy (fast moving) electrons in a strong magnetic field. This explanation was first proposed by the Soviet astronomer J. Shklovsky (1953) and supported by observations of Jan H. Oort and T. Walraven (1956). http://messier.seds.org/m/m001.html ------------------------- Network of Etherean worlds and roadways (Oahspe plate 24 God's Book of Ben) drawn by John Ballou Newbrough in 1881 looks like invisible Dark Matter in Space and Human Nerve Cells Network, both discovered decades later. A similar graphical pattern to the universe and the brain, a connection to the cosmos and consciousness. cosmological large-scale structures formed by standard CDM (‘cold dark matter’) and by wavelike dark matter http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/v10/n7/full/nphys2996.html John Ballou Newbrough drew a PICTURE OF THE INVISIBLE COSMIC WEB AND FILAMENTS OF DARK MATTER IN 1881 long before it was detected indirectly using gravitational lensing and 51 years BEFORE it was first postulated and its existense and properties were first inferred by any man on earth and 133 years before it was seen for first time via intense radiation from a quasar. - Whatever they are, dark matter particles are transparent to light, and unlike most components of ordinary matter, http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2006/feb/06/starsgalaxiesandplanets.spaceexploration In astronomy and cosmology, dark matter is a type of matter hypothesized to account for a large part of the total mass in the universe. Dark matter cannot be seen directly with telescopes; evidently it neither emits nor absorbs light or other electromagnetic radiation at any significant level.[1] Instead, its existence and properties are inferred from its gravitational effects on visible matter, radiation, and the large scale structure of the universe. It was first postulated by Jan Oort in 1932 to account for the orbital velocities of stars in the Milky Way and Fritz Zwicky in 1933 to account for evidence of "missing mass" in the orbital velocities of galaxies in clusters. According to consensus among cosmologists, dark matter is composed primarily of a new, not yet characterized, type of subatomic particle.[3][4] The search for this particle, by a variety of means, is one of the major efforts in particle physics today.[5] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter - 20 January 2014 Cosmic 'web' seen for first time The hidden tendrils of dark matter that underlie the visible Universe may have been traced out for the first time. Cosmology theory predicts that galaxies are embedded in a cosmic web of "stuff", most of which is dark matter. Their calculations suggest that as the Universe grows and forms, matter becomes clustered in filaments and nodes under the force of gravity, like a giant cosmic web. The cosmic web suggested by the standard model is mainly made up of mysterious "dark matter". Invisible in itself, dark matter still exerts gravitational forces on visible light and ordinary matter nearby. In the dark He added: "What is expected is that the dark matter dominates the mass and forms these structures, and then the ordinary matter, the gas, the stars and everything else trace the filaments and structures that are defined by the dynamics of the dark matter." "Filaments have been detected indirectly before using gravitational lensing, which allows us to see the distribution of the dark matter. http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-25809967 Dark matter's cosmic web revealed http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-16474951 UCSC Scientists Capture First Cosmic Web Filaments at Keck Observatory January 19, 2014 Computer simulations suggest that matter in the universe is distributed in a "cosmic web" of filaments, as seen in the image above from a large-scale dark-matter simulation (Bolshoi simulation, by Anatoly Klypin and Joel Primack). The inset is a zoomed-in, high-resolution image of a smaller part of the cosmic web, 10 million light-years across, from a simulation that includes gas as well as dark matter (credit: S. Cantalupo). The intense radiation from a quasar can, like a flashlight, illuminate part of the surrounding cosmic web (highlighted in the image) and make a filament of gas glow, as was observed in the case of quasar UM287. -- This information (connecting dark matter filaments and Oahspe images showing the Earth in Etherian worlds, swamps, mountains and roadways) goes back to 2009 or 2010 at this website (link below) by Ruth and Vernon (who put together the Oahspe Standard Edition). http://web.archive.org/web/20100126010807/http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/pp0/plasma.html The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory by Brian Greene on page 187 is written space has more than 3 dimensions: Hidden dimensions. In 1919, Theodor Kaluza showed Einstein that general relativity could unite his equation of gravity with Maxwell's electro-magnetic equations, by assuming a fourth dimension of space. ( With time, this made five dimensions in all. ) Oskar Klein suggested the fourth dimension could exist as a curled-up space too small to be observable, perhaps being only of Planck length. A simple analogy is that a garden hose looks like a single dimension from a distance. But close up, the line has thickness admitting of another circular dimension that can be traveled round by an insect. Kaluza's findings didnt fit the experimental data about the electron's mass and charge. Eventually, as more particles and the strong and weak forces became known, theorists wondered whether the fault with Kaluza-Klein theory had been too few dimensions rather than too many. This turned out to be the case for string theory . It had resolved the infinite probabilities, thrown up by elementary point particles, in an attempted quantum gravity theory. But negative probabilities also kept turning up. And these could only be removed by letting the strings vibrate in nine dimensions. ( A tenth spatial dimension was later infered, making eleven, including time. ) http://www.voting.ukscientists.com/greene2.html Oahspe in 1881 talked about the 4th dimension of corpor (4th dimension of space) 38 years before Theodor Kaluza showed Einstein a fourth dimension of space. - Can our brains see the fourth dimension? Our brains aren't trained to see anything other than our world, and it will likely take something from another dimension to make us understand. But what is this other dimension? Mystics used to see it as a place where spirits lived, since they weren't bound by our earthly rules. Understanding these higher dimensions is of importance to mathematicians and physicists because it helps them understand the world. String theory, for example, relies upon at least 10 dimensions to remain viable [source: Groleau]. For these researchers, the answers to complex problems in the 3-D world may be found in the next dimension -- and beyond. http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/everyday-myths/see-the-fourth-dimension.htm Oahspe Glossary: Corpor. Whatever has length, breadth and thickness, and is tangible to sight, hearing and feeling; the extreme opposite condition from ether, or solution, or rarefaction. http://www.angelfire.com/in2/oahspe3/glossary.html Oahspe Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy CHAPTER 2: 1. There are two known things in the universe: ethe and corpor. The former is the solvent of the latter. 2. For comparison, take a lump of table‑salt (or a sugar cube), which, though white, is impervious to man's vision. |1618| Cast it into water, and it is lost to sight (it becomes transparent as it dissolves); though it (salt, sugar) still exists, man's eyesight can see through it. 3. Earth substance, as such, is equally soluble in ethe. And the great etherean firmament is thus constituted; being a dense solution of corpor. Most of etherea is transparent; but in some places it is translucent, and in others, opaque. 4. Here is found iron, copper, granite, water, lead, clay, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, and various other kinds of corporeal substances, as known on the earth, and besides these, millions of things not known on the earth. And ethe holds them in solution, even in the same way that the air holds the substance of clouds, which is water in solution. http://oahspestandardedition.com/OSE_38c.html Astronomers say that matter entering a black hole in space seems to disappear into another universe (or another dimension). In the index of Oahspe it says of UZ,...the fourth dimension of corpor (Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy CH. I:30. Oahspe God's Book of Ben says UZ is equivalent to THE VANISHMENT OF THINGS SEEN INTO THINGS UNSEEN. 3 dimensions of space (corpor) length, breadth, and thickness and the fourth dimension: OAHSPE Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy: Chapter I: 30. What is called corporeal substance, which has length, breadth and thickness, remaineth so by no power of its own, but by vortexya external thereto. Exchange the vortexya, and the corpor goeth into dissolution. This power was, by the ancients, called Uz, or the fourth dimension of corpor. (See Uz, in Saphah.) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "Online Learning: Fun with Physics" http://online.maryville.edu/online_learning_fun_with_physics-2/  If you find this information helpful to you please feel free to make a$20 dollar donation and help support my research.  Thank You.

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